- Created by: kez
- Created on: 04-11-12 00:18
Comparative adverbs express relative superiority or inferiority. Superiority, the idea that something is "more ___" or "___er" than something else, is expressed with plus in French. Inferiority, meaning that something is "less ___" than something else, is stated with moins. You can also express equality with comparatives, to state that something is "as ___ as" something else; in French, there are two possible equivalents: aussi and autant.
Notes about French Comparatives
2. Comparative adverbs are most commonly used with adjectives, but you can also use them with adverbs, verbs, and nouns. These comparisons have slightly different constructions for each part of speech.
Conjunctions provide a link between similar words or groups of words, such as nouns, verbs, people, etc. There are two types of French conjunctions:
1. Coordinating conjunctions join words and groups of words with an equal value.
J'aime les pommes et les oranges.
I like apples and oranges.
Je veux le faire, mais je n'ai pas d'argent.
I want to do it, but I don't have any money.
2. Subordinating conjunctions join dependent clauses to main clauses.
J'ai dit que j'aime les pommes.
I said that I like apples.
Il travaille pour que vous puissiez manger.
He works so that you can eat.
Verbs that take etre
The following is a list of verbs (and their derivatives) that require être: aller to go
arriver to arrive
descendre to descend / go downstairs
(redescendre to descend again)
entrer to enter
(rentrer to re-enter)
monter to climb
(remonter to climb again)
mourir to die
naître to be born
(renaître to be reborn, born again)
partir to leave
(repartir to leave again)
passer to pass
rester to stay
retourner to return
sortir to go out
(ressortir to go out again)
tomber to fall
(retomber to fall again)
venir to come
(devenir to become
parvenir to reach, achieve
revenir to come again, come back)
Negate or restrict the action of the verb they modify.
Negate or cast doubt on a quality of the noun they modify.
Negate or cast doubt on the existence of the noun they replace.
There's only one:
ne... ni... ni...