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A direct object pronoun
A direct object pronoun replaces a noun which is
the object of the sentence (e.g. I like it/them)

Masculine Feminine
It Le/l' La/l'
Them Les les

In French it goes in front of the verb.

La tele? Je regarde tout le temps.

Ces series-la?…

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Nous sommes Nous avons
Vous etes Vous avez
Ils/elles sont Ils/elles ont

Reflexive verbs
Reflexive verbs are verbs which include an extra
pronoun before the verb.

Me, te, se, nous, vous, se.

In the perfect tense reflexive verbs take etre.
The past participle must agree with the subject.

Je me…

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Acheter un magazine de foot

To talk about what is going to happen, you can use
aller +infinitive. Another way to talk about the
future is to use the future tense. It is formed
using the future stem of the verb plus the
appropriate ending.

The future tense verb endings…

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Il y a can also be used to talk about how long ago
something took place. Here it comes before the
expression of time.

Il y a trios semaines = three weeks ago

Il y a un mois = a month ago

The imperfect tense is used to describe how…

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Vous vous êtes
Ils/elles se sont

Negative expressions go around the verb:

Je ne mange plus de frites- I don't eat chips any

Je ne bois que du coca- I only drink coke

Je n'ai jamais fume- I have never smoked

The pronoun en replaces de + noun. It…

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With people you address as tu, the imperative is
the present tense tu form minus the word tu. ­er
verbs drop the s at the end of the verb.

Bois beaucoup d'eau- drink a lot of water

Ne mange pas trop de chocolat- don't eat too
much chocolate

Emphatic pronouns…

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The pronoun y means there, referring to a place
which has already been mentioned. It goes in
front of the verb:

J'y vais demain- I'm going there tomorrow
On y est alle hier- we went there yesterday

Possessive Adjectives

The words for my, your etc., change according to

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There are different words for this/these:

ce before masculine nouns
cette before feminine nouns
ces before plural nouns
cet before masculine nouns beginning with h or a


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