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Transforming the Soviet economy ­ Agriculture and Collectivization
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COLLECTIVISATION

What were the effects of collectivization?




Nabilah Chowdhury

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Transforming the Soviet economy ­ Agriculture and Collectivization
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Nabilah Chowdhury

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Transforming the Soviet economy ­ Agriculture and Collectivization
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POTENTIAL QUESTIONS
Q1) How far do you agree that the collectivization of agriculture made an essential
contribution to Stalin's transformation of the Russian economy?

Didn't transform economy Transformed economy

Overpopulation Overpopulation

However, overpopulation had problems in Millions of peasants migrated…

Page 4

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Transforming the Soviet economy ­ Agriculture and Collectivization
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Amount of grain procurement: 1928 had
11 million tonnes. 1929 had 16 million
tonnes and 23 million tonnes by 1933.

Party Control Party Control

However, this didn't permanently Party and government control was at last
transform the economy because now…

Page 5

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Transforming the Soviet economy ­ Agriculture and Collectivization
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Q2) To what extent did collectivization improve soviet agriculture in the years 1928-41?

Positive Outcomes Negative Outcomes

MTS Overpopulation

This meant that surplus peasants could The urban population rose from 18-50% in
go work in farms, thereby increasing 1940
productivity.…

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Transforming the Soviet economy ­ Agriculture and Collectivization
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Thus the proletariat was able to keep This lead to even more shortages of
industrialization going at a steady pace. foodstuffs and therefore industrialization
slowed because urban workers were
dying from starvation.




Q3) How accurate is it to say that…

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Transforming the Soviet economy ­ Agriculture and Collectivization
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Internal passports were introduced imprison the peasants on the
collective farms. This was called the "Second Serfdom".


Famine, 1932-33

When Kulaks destroyed their livestock, they created widespread
shortages.

Grain output also fell by 10 million tonnes due to bad harvests…

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Transforming the Soviet economy ­ Agriculture and Collectivization
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Also, poorer peasants were so scared However 13% had less than 5 years of any
that they would be sent to Gulags, that relevant experience. Some were sent on
they had no other choice but to join the 23 month…

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Transforming the Soviet economy ­ Agriculture and Collectivization
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Private Plots Private Plots

Following the pause in 1930, Stalin allowed Although the private plots only made up
peasants to have a private plot of land in less than 4% of private land in USSR, they
the Kolkhoz, from which…

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Transforming the Soviet economy ­ Agriculture and Collectivization
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In the Ukraine high targets were set but The deaths may have reached 7 million,
actual produce fell each year. although this number is disputed because
the official line of the Soviet Government
Stalin made an example of them, sending…

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