(EFFECTS OF COLLECTIVISATION) Transforming the Soviet economy - Potential Qs

(EFFECTS OF COLLECTIVISATION) Transforming the Soviet economy - Potential Qs

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Transforming the Soviet economy ­ Agriculture and Collectivization
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COLLECTIVISATION
What were the effects of collectivization?
Nabilah Chowdhury

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Transforming the Soviet economy ­ Agriculture and Collectivization
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Nabilah Chowdhury…read more

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Transforming the Soviet economy ­ Agriculture and Collectivization
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POTENTIAL QUESTIONS
Q1) How far do you agree that the collectivization of agriculture made an essential
contribution to Stalin's transformation of the Russian economy?
Didn't transform economy Transformed economy
Overpopulation Overpopulation
However, overpopulation had problems in Millions of peasants migrated to the
itself. The standard of living was very low towns to boost industrialization by joining
and necessary resources were stretched the ranks of the urban proletariat.
amongst families.…read more

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Transforming the Soviet economy ­ Agriculture and Collectivization
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Amount of grain procurement: 1928 had
11 million tonnes. 1929 had 16 million
tonnes and 23 million tonnes by 1933.
Party Control Party Control
However, this didn't permanently Party and government control was at last
transform the economy because now that extended to the countryside.
the peasants weren't working for
themselves, they had no incentive to This meant that they could establish a
work.…read more

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Transforming the Soviet economy ­ Agriculture and Collectivization
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Q2) To what extent did collectivization improve soviet agriculture in the years 1928-41?
Positive Outcomes Negative Outcomes
MTS Overpopulation
This meant that surplus peasants could The urban population rose from 18-50% in
go work in farms, thereby increasing 1940
productivity. From 1922-40, 22-63 million people lived in
the cities
Also, it would make the system more
efficient and bring Russia on par with new Though this increased industrialization
technology.…read more

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Transforming the Soviet economy ­ Agriculture and Collectivization
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Thus the proletariat was able to keep This lead to even more shortages of
industrialization going at a steady pace. foodstuffs and therefore industrialization
slowed because urban workers were
dying from starvation.…read more

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Transforming the Soviet economy ­ Agriculture and Collectivization
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Internal passports were introduced imprison the peasants on the
collective farms. This was called the "Second Serfdom".
Famine, 1932-33
When Kulaks destroyed their livestock, they created widespread
shortages.
Grain output also fell by 10 million tonnes due to bad harvests
and lack of incentive to work. Meat production also didn't exceed
pre-collectivization levels until 1953.
The urban workers were suffering from lack of food and the
standard of living fell.…read more

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Transforming the Soviet economy ­ Agriculture and Collectivization
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Also, poorer peasants were so scared However 13% had less than 5 years of any
that they would be sent to Gulags, that relevant experience. Some were sent on
they had no other choice but to join the 23 month training courses, but most were
collective farms. sent to learn on the job.
LINK
This meant that productivity declined as
the system was not efficient.…read more

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Transforming the Soviet economy ­ Agriculture and Collectivization
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Private Plots Private Plots
Following the pause in 1930, Stalin allowed Although the private plots only made up
peasants to have a private plot of land in less than 4% of private land in USSR, they
the Kolkhoz, from which any produce produced between 25 and 35% of the
became the private property of the agricultural output, indicating how hard the
individual. peasants worked on them.…read more

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Transforming the Soviet economy ­ Agriculture and Collectivization
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In the Ukraine high targets were set but The deaths may have reached 7 million,
actual produce fell each year. although this number is disputed because
the official line of the Soviet Government
Stalin made an example of them, sending was that the famine never happened.
in the OGPU to strip the countryside bare.
However, this is not really a failure in
Soldiers patrolled the borders to prevent terms of collectivization.…read more

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