Education flashcards (including DEA)

These notes are ones that I made for my exam, and really helped me revise and get the top grades.

They include everything that the exam board asks for in term of the specification,and are orgainised in a way that will make revision easier, including large bold headings. And they're done in colour! Added bonus! whoop whoop!

I hope they help y'all, and good luck :D

P.s.These notes may contain some minor grammatical errors like spelling misakes, but all information is correct.

P.p.s. I sat the exam in June 2013 btw

Feel free to check out my other sociology notes, aswell as my psychology ones :D

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  • Created by: Glambert
  • Created on: 21-02-14 00:12
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Sociological theories overview…read more

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· Consensus theory. · Conflict theory.
· Macro approach-they look at the role of institutions, and
· Macro approach-they look at the role of argue each institution doesn't meets the functional pre-
institutions, and argue each institution requisites of the society.
meets the functional pre-requisites of the · Believe in class conflict-conflict between upper & lower
society. · Believe in todays capitalistic society, there is conflict
· They believe in social solidarity and a between the businesses- upper class (bourgeoisie ) &
lower class (proletariats).
stable society. · The proletariats are exploited by the bourgeoisie.
· They disagree with dysfunctions. · Exploitation increases the social class gap.
· They believe in value consensus. · However, the proletariats don't realise they're being
exploited- false class consciousness.
· They recognise change as evolutionary. · But when they realise they get collective power (strikes)-
· They are positivists-institutions depend on class consciousness.
each other for survival (like organs of a · Thus, society has gone through a revolution-leads to a
state of communism (no class conflict). This is the aim of
human body). the Marxists.
· Max Weber.
· Want equal rights for women. · Observes the behaviour of individuals
· They look at institutions (e.g. schools), and how they effect society-
as well as individuals (women). interactionists.
· They believe men are the dominant · Macro theory.
gender, so women experience · Also known as `interpretive
patriarchy. perspective'-focus on interactions of
· They believe gender inequality and individuals and the motives/meanings
exploitation is present in todays behind actions.…read more

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Role and purpose of education…read more

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The Functionalists perspective…read more

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Creating social solidarity. · School prepares us to move from the
· Education creates solidarity by transmitting the
family into the wider society-due to
society culture (shared norms & beliefs).
· E.g. teaching history to gain a sense of meritocracy.
heritage. · Within family the child is judged by
· Schools=miniature society-prepares us for the `particularistic standards'-rules that
wider society-this creates social solidarity.
Teaching specialist skills:
apply only to that child.
· There is a complex division of labour within · In school and wider society they are
industry (more than one person is needed to judged by `universalistic standards'.
produce an item-different specialities) · This prepares children for the wider
· Educations teaches the skills needed to take
part in the social division of labour.
society-maintains social solidarity.
· Positions within society require
different talents to ensure society
functions efficiently. Strengths: Weaknesses:
· Society is meritocratic. · Some people may
· The most able students=most · Highlights importance not have equal
of role allocation. chance
demanding jobs. · Durkheim believes (background,
· The education system help they teach specialist
skills and make them ·
race, gender.)
Not everyone's
allocate those with high ability to feel they belong talents may be
(heritage). recognised.
the highest paid most demanding
jobs.…read more

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