Role and Purpose of education flashcards AS (AQA)

These notes are ones that I made for my exam, and really helped me revise and get the top grades.

They include everything that the exam board asks for in term of the specification,and are orgainised in a way that will make revision easier, including large bold headings. And they're done in colour! Added bonus! whoop whoop!

I hope they help y'all, and good luck :D

P.s.These notes may contain some minor grammatical errors like spelling misakes, but all information is correct.

P.p.s. I sat the exam in June 2013 btw

Feel free to check out my other sociology notes, aswell as my psychology ones :D

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  • Created by: Glambert
  • Created on: 21-02-14 00:09

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Role and purpose of education…read more

Slide 2

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The Functionalists perspective…read more

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Creating social solidarity. · School prepares us to move from the
· Education creates solidarity by transmitting the
family into the wider society-due to
society culture (shared norms & beliefs).
· E.g. teaching history to gain a sense of meritocracy.
heritage. · Within family the child is judged by
· Schools=miniature society-prepares us for the `particularistic standards'-rules that
wider society-this creates social solidarity.
Teaching specialist skills:
apply only to that child.
· There is a complex division of labour within · In school and wider society they are
industry (more than one person is needed to judged by `universalistic standards'.
produce an item-different specialities) · This prepares children for the wider
· Educations teaches the skills needed to take
part in the social division of labour.
society-maintains social solidarity.
· Positions within society require
different talents to ensure society
functions efficiently. Strengths: Weaknesses:
· Society is meritocratic. · Some people may
· The most able students=most · Highlights importance not have equal
of role allocation. chance
demanding jobs. · Durkheim believes (background,
· The education system help they teach specialist
skills and make them ·
race, gender.)
Not everyone's
allocate those with high ability to feel they belong talents may be
(heritage). recognised.
the highest paid most demanding
jobs.…read more

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The New Right perspective…read more

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· They examined 60,000 students performances
and linked them to the schools they attended.
· Support functionalists · Correlation was found between success and the
· They developed due to policies resulting in too degree of financial independence.
much welfare dependency-high cost for the state. · Market system increases standards (e.g turning
· Programmes such as league tables, Ofsted, schools into academies)
national curriculum, vocational education and AO2-Weaknesses of market system:
greater parental choice=better teaching and · Students aren't seen as individuals.
standards=reduced level of welfare dependency. · Only level of ability is seen-no meritocracy. LC
· Good schools will survive. Poor schools will go pupils won't get into good schools and won't get
under. equal opportunities, despite ability levels.
· They favour marketisiation, as competition · MC parents have the money to support their
increases efficiency of schools. children, unlike LC parents.
· Improves economic efficiency of the country. · Do parents always have the correct
understanding??…read more

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Marxist perspective…read more

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