Edexcel iGCSE History Revison: Conflict, Crisis & Change: China: 1934-89

A* Quality Notes on iGCSE Topic C6: Conflict, Crisis & Change: China, 1934-1989

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1930­76
B
Edexel iGCSE History
Topic C6: Conflict, Crisis & Change: China 1934-89
Revision notes produced by Ben Tavener




· The Triumph of Mao and the CCP , 1934-49
· Change under Mao, 1949-63
· The impact of the Cultural Revolution
· Change under Deng Xiaoping
· The Development of…

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The Triumph of Mao and the CCP, 1934-49


The events and importance of the Long March (1934-35)

Main Events:

· The long March was an epic retreat by the Three Red armies of China between 1934 and 1936 which
took place during the Chinese Civil war.
· The Chinese communist…

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How did the war with Japan affect the CCP?

·! Because the Japanese controlled the coastal areas, the GMD government had to move to
Chonquing. This was important for the CCP as it allowed them to move to northern areas
and gain further support.
·! The CCP's policy of driving…

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·! Overall, it was a success. A very high growth of 9% was achieved and most of the
production targets were met. Industry ­ especially heavy industry ­ significantly improved
over the 5 years between 1952 and 1957.

The Agrarian Reform Law:

· In 1950 Mao introduced the Agrarian Reform…

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The Great Leap Forward
What was the Great Leap Forward?

·! This was the name given to the Second Five-Year Plan, starting in 1957. It had two
main aims.
·! First, it was a plan to modernise China's industry and make it into a powerful
industrial country within fifteen years.…

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·! In 1962 Deng Ziaoping and Liu Shaoqui took over the running of the economy and
changed it a lot. E.g. they allowed peasants to have their private plots of land again so
that more food could be produced.




The Impact of the Cultural Revolution


Mao's Motives for the Cultural…

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Change under Deng Xiaoping

Key Changes under Deng Xiaoping:


1. Education


· Deng reversed the educational reforms of the cultural revolution.
· This meant that exams were brought out of boycott and it was now essential to be a success at
achedemic subjects and to get into university.
· Key…

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The Treatment of the "Gang of Four"

Rise of Gang of Four

The Right suffered a real setback in 1976, when Zhou died and was succeeded by
Deng. He had been a popular leader and thousands of people went to Tienanmen
Square in Beijing to lay wreaths and put up…

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Region 1 Region 2




100



75


50


25

2007
2008 0
2009
2010

The Development of the Democracy Movement


Causes of the Democracy Movement:


· Deng's economic reforms & Western methods led people to believe he was going to reform the political
system.
· Thousands of Students who studied abroad…

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· Deng Xiaoping tolerated the Democracy movement for a long period of time.
· However, after a while he decided to organise attacks on the protestors as a word of warning for the
movement.
· In 1986, Deng insisted that genuine democracy was not an option for China.
· He…

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