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Slide 2

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I can describe how distribution of wealth varies
between parts of India
Development means there is
improvement for people and
the economy and there tends
to be differences in wealth:
The core areas (urban areas
with the majority of people)
in India have a greater
prosperity to those in the
rural remote countryside.…read more

Slide 3

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I can explain how the multiplier effect creates
urban core regions
An upward spiral is caused
by the multiplier effect.
As there is more investment there is also a
growth of industry. This means that a larger
workforce is needed and so people move there
because of all the job opportunities. When
people move there is a need for houses, water
and services and workers need to build and
provide these. More food is needed, and basic
things to live on so more shops open since more
services are needed. This means that even more
workers are needed and the growth continues
and the settlement and economy only continue
to expand.…read more

Slide 4

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I can indentify core and peripheral regions (and
explain the rural poverty) within countries
Core area: Maharashtra
·This is one of India's richest core regions and has the highest GDP. It contains India's largest city,
·It has grown from services such as banking, IT and call centres: Mumbai's universities produce
English speakers that are employed by large western companies such as BT
·It has grown from manufacturing: cotton, food processing, steel, engineering and cement are
commonly exported
·It had grown from entertainment: Mumbai has the world's largest film industry ­ Bollywood
·It has grown from leisure and business services such as hotels and restaurants
Periphery area: Bihar
·Bihar is India's poorest state where 86% of its population live in rural areas and most work in
·The average incomes are only about 6000rupees or £75 per person in a year and this is 33% of India'
s average income
·Over half the households live below the poverty line and 80% work in low level jobs. In 2003, only
58.5% had electricity and 12% with water flushed toilets
·Bihar gets very little investment from companies because it's people cannot afford the basic
·The attendance in school's is low and only 35% of children attend primary school and 8% get to
upper primary because education is too expensive for the people in Bihar…read more

Slide 5

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I can define what is meant by top down and bottom
up development
Building a biogas digester or a small
scale project such as those carried
There are different ways that a out by Water Aid would be
country can prompt development. considered Bottom up whereas the
Green Revolution would be
considered top town development.
Top down is when the decisions are
made by the national government Bottom up development is when
and the new regulations/laws are local people are fully involved in the
put into place. The local people are process and decision making,
not involved in this process. An therefore the development schemes
example of this is Dams for Hydro are often more appropriate to the
electric power such as the three local needs of the people.
gorges dam in china.…read more

Slide 6

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I can show the benefits and problems of top down
Advantages Disadvantages
· It can have a positive impact on a wide · Country's get into debt because they
range of people as it is on a large scale borrow large amounts of money from
· It has wider benefits such as water and other countries like China did for the
energy security from a dam, or flood Three Gorges Dam and there are often
control conditions attached to these loans
· The green revolution brought much · These schemes use a lot of energy and
larger crop yields for people so they are expensive to operate after they are
didn't have to remain subsistence built
farmers · They often also remove resources from
peripheral areas that need it
· This is like with the green and gene
revolution as only the rich farmers
could afford the high yielding seeds…read more

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