UNIT 1 Geography Edexcel

Quick summary of most of the case studies

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  • Created on: 27-06-11 16:23
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Restless Earth
Haiti 230,000 people died 1 million people were left homeless, 3million people were
Sichuan earthquake happened in 2008
70,000 people died altogether, 11,000 teachers and students died from falling buildings
Businesses and homes were destroyed leaving people homeless and little money to the
local economy
Immediate response
People were evacuated from their homes and dangerous areas I case of further
deaths or injuries
Temporary homes were set up in the local sports centre
International aid
Money sent over by NGOs (nongovernmental organizations)
Destructive Conservative
When the plates move apart
magma rises and cools to from
new crust.
When the oceanic plate is pushed under a
continental plate. Here Earthquakes can take
place because of the strain upon the plate,
when released sends shocks waves which
are earthquakes.
Collision Conservative
This when the plates collide together and
push the plates up forming mountains such
as the Himalayas. The plate continuously

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When plates move past each
continuously grow. other. Earthquakes can happen
Convection Currents hot mantle rises up moves along cooling, and falls to be
reheated by the core.
Earth's core
The core is the densest part.
This is made up of iron. The
outer core is made up of very
viscous iron and the inner
core made up of solid iron.…read more

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Battle for the Biosphere
BIOME: Tropical Rainforest
Provide habitats for many animals
Maintains biodiversity
Helps regulate the hydrological cycle
Provides timber
Exotic fruits
Ingredients or products for medicines that help to fight cancer and Leukaemia
Cattle ranching
Hydrological Dams flood the forests and make the soil erode
Climate change
Large water management
Lesotho Highland water project This is a large scale water project that has many costs as
well as benefits!!!(Break it down into social, economical and environmental impacts)…read more

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Social Social
School children have to walk further Communities in Johannesburg were
to school because the area has been provided with safe drinking and cleaning water
flooded improving health and help stop water borne
Some people have had to move diseases.
which has disturbed their lives Environmental
Environmental Because water was provided irrigation
Habitats were lost due to flooding could take place which means improvement
Crops were destroyed of the land.…read more

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Provides 75% of Australia's water.
The whole basin is stressed but if you look at the lower end of the basin where the rivers
actually disgorge to the sea the situation there is that the river hasn't actually met the sea for a
number of years and we have 24/7 pumping of sand to try and keep the mouth of the river
open.…read more

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However this has meant fishermen earn less.
It has been successful as diversity, number and sizes of fish have increased.
Firth of Clyde Here they have enforced notake zones on the coast due to overfishing.
For Against
Protects areas where there is Produces controversy between those
little fish who need to fish for an income and those
Having an area where there is trying to protect.
notake zone brings in more
Income will come from
recreational activities and
Allows fish stocks to regenerate.…read more

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International Whaling Commission The purpose of the convention is to provide for the
proper conservation of whale stocks and make possible the orderly development of the
whaling industry.
+Increases the protection of whales which allows future species to thrive
Difficult to obtain specific data of various whale stocks from countries such as China.…read more

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Longshore drift this is the movement
of sediment along the coast via swash
and back wash.
Look at PDF file defences
How are stacks formed?
Stacks form when there is an area of weakness in the cliffs that can be attacked by the sea,
weakened further, and eroded away.…read more

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Sea defencesHolderness coastline
Wooden Groynes in place at…read more

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