Edexcel GCSE Religious Studies: Exam 2 (Unit 8) Definitions

The definitions of religious terms in accordance with the Christianity and Islam Edexcel GCSE Relious Studies textbook.

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Religious Studies: Key Terms: Unit 8
1: Rights and
Word Definition
Bible The holy book of Christians.
Church The community of Christians (with a small `c' it means a Christian place of worship).
Conscience An inner feeling of the rightness or wrongness of an action.
Democratic The ways in which citizens can take part in government (usually through elections).
Electoral The ways in which voting is organised.
Human rights The rights and freedoms to which everyone is entitled.
Political party A group that tries to be elected into power on the basis of its polities e.g. Labour,
Conservative and Liberal Democrat.
Pressure Group A group is formed to influence government policy on a particular issue.
Situation ethics The idea that Christians should base moral decisions on what is the most loving thing to
Social change The way in which society has changed and is changing (and also possibilities for change
in the future).
The Decalogue The Ten Commandments.
The Golden Rule Jesus' teaching that you should treat other people as you would like them to treat you.
2: Environmental
and Medical
Words Definition
Artificial Injecting semen into uterus by artificial means.
Conservation Protecting and preserving natural resources and the environment.
Creation The act of creating the universe or the universe which has been created.
Embryo A fertilised egg in the first eight weeks after conception.
Environment The surroundings in which plants and animals live and on which they depend to live.
Global warming The increase in the temperature of the Earth's atmosphere (thought to be caused by
the greenhouse effect).
Infertility Not being able to have children.
In-vitro The method of fertilising a human egg in a test tube.
Natural resources Naturally occurring materials, such as oil and fertile land, which can be used by humans.
Organ donation Giving up organs to be used in transplant surgery.
Stewardship Looking after something so it can be passed on to the next generation.
Surrogacy An arrangement whereby a woman bears a child on behalf of another woman.
3: Peace and
Words Definition
Aggression Attacking without being provoked.
Bullying Intimidating/frightening people weaker than yourself.
Conflict Resolution Bringing a fight or struggle to a peaceful conclusion.

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Exploitation Taking advantage of a weaker group.
Forgiveness Stopping blaming someone and/or pardoning them for what they have done wrong.
Just war A war that is fought for the right reasons and in a right way.
Pacifism The belief that all disputes should be settled by peaceful means.
Reconciliation Bring together people who were opposite to each other.
Respect Treating a person of their feelings with consideration.
The United Nations An international body set up to promote world peace and co-operation.…read more



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