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Eating Behaviour

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Attitudes to Food and Eating Behaviour:
Social Learning Theory:
Attitudes to food and eating behaviours can be as a result of social learning. This can happen two ways: through parental
modelling or through the effect of media
1. Parental Modelling: Children learn eating behaviour and attitudes to food from observing…

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a. Powell and Khan (1995) said that eating disorders and body dissatisfaction were more common amongst
white women than black or Asian women.
b. Ball and Kenardy (2002) studied over 14000 women ages 18-23 in Australia. They found that for all ethnic
groups, they longer they stayed in Australia, the…

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Explanations for the Success and Failure of Dieting:
There have been three forms of dieting that have been identified. These include: a) restricting the total amount of food
eaten (e.g. calorie counting or using a point system); b) refraining from eating certain types of food (e.g. cutting down on
particular…

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more likely to go on a diet. April and Rozin (1985) said that females perceptions of body images place pressure on
them to lose weight whereas men are more likely to be satisfied with their figures.

Mental Control:
The mental control of the individual on the diet has been found…

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Neural Mechanisms in Eating and Satiation:
Humans, in order to function and survive, need food. It makes sense that we have mechanisms which let us know when
we need more energy input (hunger) and when we have enough (satiety).

Homeostasis
This is the mechanism involved with detecting changes to the…

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AO2 Evaluation Points:
Reductionist: they only use the role of biology to explain eating and satiation and also fail to explain the role of
situational factors or psychological factors
Deterministic: states that humans have no free will with regards to when they eat due to hunger and when they stop…

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Evolutionary Explanations for Food Preference:
To understand the adaptive responses faced by our distant ancestors, we need to be able to understand the
environment in which they lived. The environment of evolutionary adaption (EEA) refers to this environment ­ the
environment in which a species first evolved. Humans, thousands of…

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learn certain associations more easily than others (particularly those associations that help individuals to
survive)
d. Bernstein and Webster (1980) gave patients a novel tasting ice cream and found that they associated the
novel ice cream to the chemotherapy. When the patient was given familiar and unfamiliar food to eat,…

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Obesity
Obesity can be defined in a number of ways which include population means, body mass index (BMI), waist
circumference and percentage of body fat (usually involves measuring skin fold thickness). However, there are issues
with these definitions. Calculating the BMI doesn't allow for differences in weight between muscle and…

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