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OUTLINE AND EVALUATE FACTORS AFFECTING EATING BEHAVIOURS

A factor that has been shown to influence eating behaviour is mood. A great deal of research has
focused on the relationship between our mood and subsequent food choices. It is generally accepted
that food can be comforting when we are feeling down…

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Usefulness of the findings. The greater understanding the findings on the link between
neurotransmitters, mood, and eating behaviour offer into mood disorders such as depression means
the findings are of great value.

The findings are mixed regarding gender differences. For example BELLISLE ET AL found no
difference in amount and…

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DISCUSS EXPLANATIONS FOR THE FAILURE OF DIETING

The Restraint theory was developed as an attempt to explain both the causes and consequences
associated with the cognitive restriction of food intake. HERMAN AND MACK suggest that
attempting not to eat actually increases the probability of overeacting. WARDLE AND BEALES
(1988) support…

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multi-dimensional approach rather than the over-simplified approach many other explanations
take.

Research has generally demonstrated that attempting to suppress or deny a thought usually has
the opposite effect, making it more prominent in your mind than before. WEGNER (1994) refers
to this phenomenon as the Theory of Ironic processes of…

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THOMAS AND STERN (1995) reported that strategies to improve social networks have focused
on teaching spouses or significant others to provide social support during the weight loss process
and modest success rates have been achieved. Strategies of drawing up contracts in which
groups aim for individual or group weight loss…

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messages. For example, when food is being digested the level of the hormone CCK in the
bloodstream is high. This stimulates receptors in the VMN. Experimental electrical stimulation of
the VMN has shown to reduce food intake. BAYLIS ET AL (1996) demonstrated that malfunctions
in the VMN may cause obesity.…

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desire to be thin, a dislike of food or a fear of losing control. They can also override the drive to
stop eating
because of social cues to continue eating or the availability of more food

The role of cognition is ignored. The neurons with cell bodies in the LH…

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nowadays people have less need for these high calorie foods due to the vast food availability,
we still seem to retain this preference.

Babies' innate preference for sweet foods can also be explained in evolutionary terms. The
preference for sweet flavours would encourage babies to eat fruit with natural fructose.…

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example, eating, forming relationships, aggression it is difficult to demonstrate empirically. This
means that we cannot be sure that evolution was the cause of human's current preferences
because although there is evidence from fossils showing that humans would have had a
particularly meaty diet, scientific research is limited as our…

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depletion of local resources ­ this adaptation must be turned off so that individuals can increase
their chances of survival by migrating to more favourable environment.

Therefore, the `switch' that increases desire for food and energy conservation must be switched
off so that migration can occur. Therefore, the anorexic is…

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