Development - the basics

Two revision mindmaps covering the basics of the development so covers, indicators, classification, Rostow Model of Development and LDCs, with a few case studies.

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What makes an LDC? Inequality Low export/imports
1. Income below $750 per capita per year
Rapid population growth
2. Weak human resources Few human rights DEMOGRAPHIC ECONOMIC
- Health Early stages of DTM Lack of diversity
- Education Poor sanitation SOCIAL
Primary employment sector
- Nutrition and calorie intake Poor education an health care Issues facing LDCs
3. Economic vulnerability Civil conflict Political instability Low GDP
- Instability of exports Poor living standards Subsistence
- Instability of agricultural production Civil unrest agriculture
- lack of economic diversity Rule by dictatorship
Natural hazards
Inequality Unsustainable exploitation
How can LDCs develop?
3. Fair Trade Deforestation/degradation/desertification
4. Industrialisation Least Developed Countries
5. Brain gain/drain ENVIRONMENTAL
(LDCs) Wood for fuel
6. Early warning systems Low energy consumption
7. International investment (TNCs and No laws or legislation
- 33 out of 50 LDCs are located in sub-Saharan
appending FDI) Poor food/water supply
8. Appropriate technology
- Highest HDI rank is Gabon at 119th and South Sierra Leone
9. Agricultural mechanization
Africa at 121st Population: 6 million
10. Sustainable raw material exploitation
- 16 LDCs are landlocked Life Expectancy: 48 (men), 49 (women)
11. Controlling population growth, i.e.
- 12 LDCs are small islands GNI: US$340 per capita
contraception and population policies
- Almost 50% of the population in LDCs live on GDP (PPP): $780 per capita
less than $1 a day Independence British colonial rule: 1961
- 70% of FDI in LDCs in 2004 went to oil-producing HDI: 180th at 0.336
Population: 10.1 million
Life Expectancy: 61 (men), 64 (women)
- No country in sub-Saharan Africa will meet the Myanmar (Burma)
GNI: US$995 per capita
MDG to reduce CDR by 2015 Population: 50.5 million
GDP (PPP): $1995 per capita
- Liberia has highest level of maternal deaths Life Expectancy: 64 (men), 68 (women)
Independence French colonial rule: 1825
- Average annual population growth in LDCs is 5% GDP (PPP): $1307 per capita
HDI: 145th at 0.404
= highest in world HDI: 149th
- Over 40% of LDC population is under 15 years
- 140 million people in LDCs live in poor housing
- Only 58% have access to clean water…read more


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