Afghanistan

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  • Afghanistan- area of conflict
    • UN in Afghanistan
      • UNAMA- UN Assistance Mission in Afghanistan
        • aimed to Achieve sustainable peace and development
        • working with Afghan gov. and NGOs
        • promote respect for human rights laws
        • co ordinate all organisations to ensure protection
        • Achieve full enjoyment of their rights e.g. for women
    • Afghan Government
      • joined economic co operation organisation to promote economic growth
      • passed the Elimination of Violence Against Women Law of 2009
      • attempts to remove law that has a quota on how many women are allowed in parliament
    • NGO- Afghan Aid
      • sustainable rural development- co ordinates work with UN and Afghan gov.
      • specialises in particular aspects of rights which have been neglected or violated in times of instability
      • Afghan Aid is working to co ordinate funding, gov and work with local communities
        • Promotes economic, social and political rights- bought in effective agricultural practices- reduces risk of disease. Greater freedom and women involved in society
    • consequences in rural areas- Ghor
      • politically hostile and insecure
      • basic rights have been neglected by conflict- gender inequality, limited access to services- education, health, infrastructure, nutrition
      • Afghan Aid is working to co ordinate funding, gov and work with local communities
        • Promotes economic, social and political rights- bought in effective agricultural practices- reduces risk of disease. Greater freedom and women involved in society
    • consequences in Urban areas- Kabul
      • Neighbourhood project- upgrade neighbourhoods- CDC project in 33 provincial capitals- 200-250 households in each
      • denial of basic human rights and rapid urban growth has deprived local communities of services
      • CDCs are locally elected and plans reflect needs of the area
        • mostly include upgrading of housing and infrastructure, electricity, sanitation, schools, healthcare
    • consequences of global governance
      • by 2014 6 billion children were going to school- 40% girls
      • 50% of population had access to primary healthcare
      • maternal mortality rate halved since 2001 and av. life expectancy was 61
      • not uniform across the whole country but work is being done to improve peoples lives through the protection of human rights

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