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Describe and evaluate learning theory as an explanation of attachment (12
marks)

A01

Point 1 Classical Conditioning
Refers to association
o Before conditioning
o Caregiver = neutral stimulus (NS) produces
neutral response
o Food = Unconditioned stimulus (UCS)
o Pleasure = Unconditioned response (UCS)
o After conditioning
o Infant associates…

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A02 Evaluation

Point 1 Counter evidence from animal research
Animal studies has shown that actually young animals do not necessarily attach to
those who feed them.
o Lorenz's geese imprinted on him before they were fed
o Harlow's monkeys attached to a soft surrogate in preference to a wire one…

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