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ATTACHMENT EXAM STYLE QUESTIONS



1. Define the terms `attachment', the `social smile', and `separation anxiety'. (2 + 2 + 2 marks)

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2. Three of the following are descriptions of types of attachment:

a) Children who are not willing to explore, have higher…

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4. Describe the main characteristics of anxious-avoidant (Type A), secure (Type B) and
anxious-resistant (Type C) attachment. (3 + 3 + 3 marks)

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5. Outline two weaknesses of the Strange Situation. (2 + 2 marks)

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8. Outline two weaknesses of the learning theory explanation of attachment. (2 + 2 marks)

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9. Define what is meant by the terms `cupboard love', `contact comfort', and `monotropy'. (2…

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d) Bowlby believed that fathers were as important as mothers. TRUE/FALSE



11. Outline one criticism of Bowlby's evolutionary perspective on attachment. (3 marks)

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12. Outline and evaluate Bowlby's attachment theory. (12 marks)

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14. Define what is meant by `imprinting', and a `critical period'. (2 + 2 marks)

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15. a) Distinguish between the terms `deprivation' and `privation'. (3 marks)

b) Outline the effects of disrupting attachment bonds. (2 marks)

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17. There is a danger with case studies of investigator effects.

a) Explain one investigator effect that may have occurred in this case study. (2 marks)

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b) Explain how this investigator effect could be reduced. (2 marks)

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18. Give two examples of short-term deprivation.…

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b)Explain how this ethical issue would be dealt with. (2 marks)


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22. Psychologists have discovered that the occurrence of attachment types shows a great deal
of consistency in Western cultures.

To illustrate these findings complete the table using three of the four attachment types
listed.

Secure…

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23. The Strange situation has been used to investigate attachment.

Outline aspects of infants' behaviour that are recorded when using this research technique.
(3 marks)

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24. a) Outline what psychological research has shown about the effects of institutionalization on
attachment behaviour. (6 marks)

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27. Define what is meant by the terms `day care'. (2 marks)

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28. Give four examples of criteria used to define…

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29. Lachmi is planning to provide day care facilities for pre-school children below the age of five
years. She is keen to promote social development of the children attending. Outline what
practices Lachmi could introduce to encourage social development of the children attending.
(6 marks)
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