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What is day care?
Day care is a form of care for
infants & children offered by
someone other than close family,
taking place outside the home,
children spend all or part of the
day in care but return home at
night.…read more

Slide 3

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What is social development ?
The development of a child's social
competence which includes social
skills, the ability to relate and
empathise with others, and the
formation on close and meaningful
relationships.…read more

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Arguments for and against harmful effects of day care on social development
Against For
· Jay Belsky ­ suggested there was · Andersson ­ followed up 128 Swedish
worrying evidence babies place in day children who had been in day care from infancy
care during first year were at higher risk to 13 years. Asses for social skills & peer
of developing insecure attachment + relationships. Compared with full time
maternal care ,day care group were more
aggressive behaviour.
socially skilled and popular
· Hofferth ­ study supports Belsky as he ·Harrison et al ­ Questioned 145 Australian
sampled 519 children from large national mums about work behaviour & attitudes, he
study and found those spending long asses their babies for attachment at 12
hours in day care showed high levels of months. Mums who had returned to work
aggression. when baby was less than 5 months old more
· Bates - reviewed teacher ratings and likely to have secure attached babies =
peer ratings of social behaviour in 600 commitment to work and use of day care
predicted secure attachment.
American 5-6 year olds. Teacher rates the
· Kagan et al ­ suggested that middle classes
children who spent lot of time in day are make better parents and that day care is good
in first 5 years less socially skilled, peers for one group of children but not another.
rates them as les popular. · Ahnert et al ­ found strong positive
correlation in socio economic status and
attachment security, no correlation in day care
children = day care benefits poorer children…read more

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Qualities of a `good' day care
· Starting age ­ Belsky suggested that if a child
starts DC in the first year may have harmful
effects.
· Dose effect ­ Belsky explored this dose effect
and found children who had averages less
than 10 hours of day care in their first 4.5
years were 5% more likely to have higher than
normal levels of aggression ­ those averaging
30 hours or more showed 16 % higher
probability = time spent in day care is
important.…read more

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Transition to day care ­ Ahnert et al, followed
70 German children in 1st year of day care,
assessed attachment type before and 3
months after day care began. Large number of
children changed from secure to insecure
attachment. However if mums spent time
introducing the child to day care he secure
children maintained their attachment, and
some insecure even became secure.
Suggesting the stress of starting day care may
affect children but can be avoided by gradual
transition.…read more

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