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Crimea War Notes

Crimea War

1854 ­ 1856

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Crimea War Notes

Causes of the Crimean War
Long term causes:

Strategic importance of Constantinople/black sea
Weakness of the Ottoman empire

Medium term causes:

Conflicts over the treatment of Christians in the Ottoman empire ­ control of the holy church
in Jerusalem
Russian desire to control/access to the black sea…

Page 3

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Crimea War Notes

What happened in the Crimean War?

October ­ Russia declares war

30th November ­ Turkish fleet destroyed by the Russians in the Battle of Sinope


March ­ France and Britain declare war on Russia

May ­ British field army of about 28,000 men (with French…

Page 4

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Crimea War Notes

Main Events in the Crimea
The Battle of Alma

Happened 22nd September 1854
Russia commander decided not to attack and troops took positions three miles south of Alma
Russians took position on higher ground (the leader believed it was easier to defend)
French and British stopped…

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Crimea War Notes

The Charge of the Light Brigade

Lord Raglan ordered Lord Lucan (his cavalry commander) to stop the Russians from removing
captured cannon from the Causeway heights that overlooked two valleys close to Balaclava
Confusion between the two commanders (on unclear directions) of the written and verbal

Page 6

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Crimea War Notes

Incompetence of British commanders and administration
New nursing techniques
The reporting of the conflict
Modern innovations ­ use of the railway and telegraphs

How was the Crimean War reported?
Lord Raglan ­ in charge of the army
Lord Lucan ­ in charge of the cavalry (men on…

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Crimea War Notes

The soldiers were brave heroes
The soldiers received a positive portrayal
The charge was lots of men on horses charging at the enemy
The charge was chaotic and un-organised
It was a fearful spectacle
Overall the charge was a disaster
After the charge questions were raised about…

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Crimea War Notes

Some quotes to support the idea of the Light Brigade as noble/heroic:

`glory fade'
`honour the charge they made'
`noble six hundred'
`fought so well'
`horse and hero fell'
`boldly they rode and well'

Where does Tennyson indicate that there was a problem with the order?


Page 9

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Crimea War Notes

He is creating a myth

Time line

Page 10

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Crimea War Notes


Ottoman Vs Russian


France/Britain declare war on Russia

Battle of Alma

Beginning of the Siege of Sebastopol


Battle of Balaclava

The thin red line

The charge of the light brigade


End of the Siege of Sebastopol

Just after 1856 the Treaty of Paris…


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