- Florence Nightingale came from a wealthy family and was well educated
- She went on a 3 month course to learn nursing
- Her father maintained her independant lifestyle by providing her with £500 per week
- She was appointed head nurse at the Barrack Hospital in Scutari by Sidney Herbert, who was secretary for war at the start of the war. She had links with Herbert and his wife, Elizabeth, and no other candidates were considered
- At Scutari, she was head of a team of 38 nurses who were selected by Elizabeth and a committee. They ensured the nurses came from a variety of religious backgrounds.
- She was only head of the hostpital at Scutari, and was answerable to Dr Menzies, the medical officer
- She arrived in November 1854 and left in 1856
- Her effect on the hospital is debatable, and ranges from the positive image of the stories often projected in the media, to the idea of a poorly managed, unhygienic hospital.
- The Nightingale Fund paid for the Nightingale School for Nurses to be set up in London
- She wrote a book called "Notes in Nursing" which is still in print today and is published in several languages
- One of her main achievements was raising nursing to level of a professional career for women
1 of 2
- Mary Seacole was Jamaican, and learnt her nursing skills from her mother
- Jamaican units served in the Crimean War and so news of the poor medical conditions filtered back to seacole
- She travelled to England, but her application to become a nurse was rejected (perhaps her dark skin colour had something to do with it?)
- She then travelled to the Crimea by herself, and set up the "Seacole and Day" company with her distant relative
- It opened in 1855, and sold food and provisions to troops
- They also opened the "British Hotel" near the front line at Balaclava, which provided comfort and mdeical care to soldiers
- Seacole also worked on the front line, caring for the wounded and administering medicine. She won the hearts and admiration of many men.
- In September 1855, she was the first woman into Sebastopol
- At the end of the war, she returned to enland bankrupt, but soldiers and the public raised funds to help her
- She wrote a book about her "adventures" and it sold well enough to keep her in her old age
2 of 2