Crimean War (Flashcards)

Army Reforms
No General Staff - Inadequate reserves - Victoria Cross - McNeill-Tulloch report - Buying rank abolished - Soldiers lives improved - Army structure simplified - C-in-C responsible to Secretary of War - Country divided into regiments and battalions
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Impact of Crimean War on nursing
Commission on army health set up - Nursing schools - Nursing training established - Notes on Nursing - Respectable profession
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Army leadership and reputations
Raglan: Blamed for everything Cardigan: Eventually blamed Lucan: Blamed
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Problems with Supply and Transport
Supply ships sank - medicine inadequate - supplies poorly distributed - transport shortages - poor soldier conditions
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Problems with leadership
Rank bought - Light Brigade disaster - Supply failure - Army dominated by upper class
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Problems with organisation
Gov responsible for supplies - 11 army departments - No co-ordination
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Medical provision in the Crimea
Anesthesia barely used - Major hospitals too far away - Medicine inadequate - Hospitals insanitary - Disease rife - Disease killed many
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Sanitary Commission
Mortality rate still high after FN's arrival - SC identified problems - SC rectified problems - Mortality rates dropped
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Impact of reporters in Crimea
Engaged the public - Created pressure to reform army - Created political crisis - Crisis demonstrated power of press
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Mary Seacole
Traveled to Crimea independently - Established British Hotel - Soldiers liked British Hotel - Seacole had medical knowledge - Nursed wounded on battlefield - Reputation eclipsed by FN
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Florence Nightingale
Arrived in 1854 - Accompanied by 38 nurses - Introduced improvements - Bought provisions - Lady with the lamp - Her reputation was questioned
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The Charge of The Light Brigade
Error redeemed by soldiers - Leadership errors - Raglan gave a **** order - Nolan ****** up the order - Brigade sent in wrong valley - Brigade decimated - Military blunder
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William Russel and The Times
Crimea Fund set up - Influential newspaper - Sympathy shown to soldiers - Russel attacked army leadership - Reports valuable - Raglan undermined - Russel didn't experience all events of the war
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The Thin Red Line
Battle of Balaclava - Russian soldiers attacked - British organised unusually
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Fenton + Photography
Limitations to his images - Photos focused on soldiers - Soldiers depicted as unheroic - Many images staged - No moving photos
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Commission on army health set up - Nursing schools - Nursing training established - Notes on Nursing - Respectable profession

Back

Impact of Crimean War on nursing

Card 3

Front

Raglan: Blamed for everything Cardigan: Eventually blamed Lucan: Blamed

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Supply ships sank - medicine inadequate - supplies poorly distributed - transport shortages - poor soldier conditions

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Rank bought - Light Brigade disaster - Supply failure - Army dominated by upper class

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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