Counter-urbanisation - St. Ives case study

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Counter-Urbanisation ­ St. Ives, Cambridgeshire
Characteristics
St Ives in Cambridgeshire is about 70 miles North of London. The town has grown through
counter-urbanisation. In 1961 its population was just 3,800 and by 2010 had reached 16,400.
It has good road access and rail links to Cambridge and London. Many people commute into
Cambridge and around a quarter of the working population commute into London each day.
Causes
Housing prices in London are expensive, so it's cheaper to move out of the city and
commute to work. People wanted to move out of London because it's polluted and unsafe
for young children, and as a result of suburbanisation, the suburbs are seeing a similar
pattern. People want more for their money and feel they are not getting their moneys
worth in the suburbs anymore. Many jobs are now out of the city centre so people can afford
to move further away from the centre, without increasing commute times.
Impacts
Traffic ­ Traffic congestion is a problem, particularly during rush hour on the A14
House prices ­ The average price of a detached house rose from £130,000 to £291,000
between 2000-2010. Commuters often earn higher wages than people working locally and
so are able to afford higher house prices
Flood problems ­ St Ives is on the River Great Ouse and has a history of flood problems. As
the demand for housing has grown, new developments have been built on river banks, 1000
properties are at risk of flooding.
Shops & services ­ There are now more shops and services. In addition to everyday food
and grocery there are now more clothes shops and well as more cafes and restaurants
Population structure - The movement of families to St Ives has changed its population
structure. The original population was ageing but the influx of younger people means there
are now more people under the age of 16 than over the age of 65. This has put pressure on
schools, and more pre-school and primary schools are needed.
Solutions
New houses ­ Plans were approved in 2010 to build 200 new homes in St Ives
At least 75 will be affordable housing aimed at people on lower incomes
More schools ­ There are plans to expand primary schools in St Ives to make 240 new places
available
Flood protection ­ After flooding in 1998 and 2003, flood protection works costing £8.8
million were completed along the River Great Ouse in 2007. New embankments and flood
walls were constructed in St Ives
Transport - A £116 million guided busway which links St Ives to Huntingdon and Cambridge
has been built in hope to reduce congestion

Comments

adam

This is the best case study I've seen for counter-urbanisation.

david23trv

hi

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