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Overview Summary Psychodynami
c Approach

What is the Psychodynamic Approach?

It is about the mind and energy ­ releasing energy by exposing the unconscious
desires making them conscious.

Key Assumptions

1. Importance of the unconscious mind in behaviour (conscious, pre, un)
2. Importance of early years in personality development (id,…

Page 2

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Overview Summary Psychodynami
c Approach

Strengths: looks at development trends + individuals and it uses same pps,
therefore no bias

Weaknesses: people may drop out or may be hard to keep track, researchers
may change over time and money cost

Cross-sectional studies

Two groups of pps at one moment in…

Page 3

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Overview Summary Psychodynami
c Approach

Freud's Theory of Personality

1st we develop our ID ­ primal instinct (the devil)

2nd is our Ego ­ it monitors the ID and allows needs to
needs to be satisfied (Judge Judy balancer)

3rd is the Superego ­ the sense of morality (superman)


Page 4

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Overview Summary Psychodynami
c Approach

Freud's 5 Stages of Psychosexual Development

1. Oral Stage

Birth to 18 months where the mouth is the focus of pleasure...


If fixated in this stage = envious, pessimistic + sarcastic

If overindulged = optimistic, admiring of others + gullible

2. Anal…

Page 5

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Overview Summary Psychodynami
c Approach

4. Latency Period

No sexual drive (more of a resting period). Repression of desires and
children form same-sex friends and focus on school and sport.

5. Genital Stage

Start of puberty where the focus in on the genitals and the formation of
heterosexual friend/relationships; if…

Page 6

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Overview Summary Psychodynami
c Approach

Defence mechanisms seem to have strong validity: e.g., people often use
denial about bad news.

Id, ego & superego seem to have good validity, it can explain why we often
seem to be `pulled' in different directions & feel guilty about our desires.

It does…

Page 7

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Overview Summary Psychodynami
c Approach

Accounts for Stages of Gender fixated at Continuous
changes development theory birth, yet development.
overtime cover first 5 years + hormones change We change as
fixation. over time. we're rewarded.
Inheritance. No stages.
Focus of early First 5 years are most Biology is given at…

Page 8

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Overview Summary Psychodynami
c Approach

Dreams about wiping bottoms shows pleasure at the anal stage.
Hans got told off for playing with his widdler = castration fear.
Hans' fantasy of having a family shows Oedipus complex


Little Hans was evidence of the psychosexual stages and theory of how gender…


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