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ABNORMALITY
DEFINITIONS OF ABNORMALITY

Deviation from social norms
o Any behaviours that breaks the norms and moral standards of society lead to a person being classed
as abnormal
o EV ­ too dependent on context, time and culture and social deviancy isn't always bad.
Failure to function adequately ­ Rosenhan…

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o Genetics can't provide a complete explanation ­ diathesis stress model
o Drugs don't work for everyone ­ 40% report successful treatment, side effects are massive too
o Shortterm solution that focuses on curing symptoms not the cause
o Might encourage patients to become passive and removes independence.

BIOLOGICAL TREATMENTS…

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COGNATIVE APPROACH

All our actions are the result of cognitive processes. Some individuals make cognitive errors, which do not
reflect reality but heavily influence their behaviour. Some also make inaccurate attributions to explain and
understand the world. This is described as maladaptive behaviours, which are abnormal.

EXPLANTATION OF ABNORMALITY
The…

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o Over emphasis on sex
PSYCHODYNAMIC TREATMENTS

Free association
o `talking therapy'. Patients are free to talk about anything they wish; the therapist will simply listen.
o However, can take months, but it allows the unconscious mind to emerge.
Word association
o Patients asked to say the first thing that…

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