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Page 1

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Describe & evaluate the deviation from ideal mental
health definition of abnormality (12 marks)
Description (6 marks) Evaluation (6 marks)
Strengths
· Marie Jahoda (1958) conducted a review of what The approach is positive ­ it focuses on the
others had written about mental health & characteristics that people need…

Page 2

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Examples of short answer questions on the deviation from ideal mental health
(1) One way of defining abnormality is to see whether or not someone meets the criteria for mental health. Ivan has high selfesteem and a strong sense of iden
(a) Describe two other criteria that you would expect…

Page 3

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Describe & evaluate the failure to function adequately
definition of abnormality (12 marks)
Description (6 marks) Evaluation (6 marks)
ROSENHAN & SELIGMAN: Strengths
Abnormality occurs if a person is unable to live a normal life. Allows us to think in terms of degrees of
Criteria for abnormality include: abnormality: the…

Page 4

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(1) Before leaving the house each morning, Angus has to go round
checking that all the lights are switched off. He has to do this several
times before he leaves and it makes him late for work.
Use the failure to function adequately definition to explain why Angus'
behaviour might…

Page 5

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.....................Failure to function adequately
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Explanation of your choice
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Page 6

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Describe & evaluate the deviation from social norms
definition of abnormality (12 marks)
Description (6 marks) Evaluation (6 marks)
> In any society there are standards of acceptable Strengths
behaviour set by the social group. These social norms Distinction between desirable and undesirable behaviour.
include morals as well as expectations…

Page 7

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(1) Describe `deviation from social norms' as a
definition of abnormality (6 marks).
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Page 8

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6 marks
(2) Diane is a 30yearold business woman and if she does not get her
own way she sometimes has a temper tantrum. Recently, she attended
her grandmother's funeral and laughed during the prayers. When she
talks to people she often stands very close to them, making…

Page 9

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(1 mark + 2 marks)

Describe & evaluate the biological explanation for
psychopathology (12 marks)
Description (6 marks) Evaluation (6 marks)
Assumption = abnormality is caused by faulty Strengths
biology. Individuals are born with abnormalities. The biological approach is very objective ­ very…

Page 10

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Genetics There is evidence that the media has an affect
The biological model suggests that we may inherit our on anorexia so it can't all be biology.
abnormalities from our parents. It is difficult to establish cause and effect;
For example Holland's findings support the idea that genetics may Are…

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