Slides in this set
This approach attempts to combine the other approaches in order to
understand human behaviour. Different approaches may be applied to
different situations and tis approach is mostly used in applied psychology such
as: therapy (combination of drug therapy and counselling therapy is used to
treat many disorders.)
The Eclectic approach can take different forms:
The combination of different theoretical ideas and approaches.
The combination of different research methods.
The combination of different positions in the debates in psychology
Combinations of approaches in applied psychology (drug/counselling
The use of different ideas alone or together in different situations.…read more
This is a models proposed for combining different approaches in psychology,
according to this model there are three modes of understanding behaviour.
Primary Mode Secondary Mode Tertiary Mode
Biological Processes Symbolic Processes Reflexive Awareness
(Genes/Hormones) (Meanings/Learning) (The ability to think
Biological Approach Behaviourist, about behaviour and
Cognitive, SLT and change)
Psychodynamic Humanistic Approach
The Primary Mode focuses on the biological sex of the individual and the
hormones released in the body.
The Secondary Mode focuses on the meaning of society and the learning of
gender appropriate behaviours.
The Tertiary Mode focuses on the individuals choice of whether or not to
perform gender appropriate behaviour.
First off this model places too much
emphasis on the Tertiary Mode and
the Humanistic Approach.
Also the model is limited by the direct
contradictions between the modes
(Primary vs. Tertiary Mode.)
Secondary Mode focuses on too many
approaches while Primary and
Tertiary Modes focus on too little.…read more
This approach takes the best parts of all of the approaches and
combines then to gain a better understanding of behaviour.
When applied to therapy, this approach is the most successful
since to be altered to match the needs of a particular client to
handle a certain problem.
Humans are too complex to be explained by just one approach
and this one combines them all.
Since approaches develop and build off one another there is
plenty of room to overlap them.
This approach considers several different viewpoints and all
areas of psychology unlike the other approaches which usually
on concentrates on a narrow selection of concepts (e.g.
psychodynamic, defence mechanisms.)
Some approach are directly contradictory and cannot be
It is not clear how all of the approaches are combined in
There is not theory, evidence or paradigm to this approach.
The method of combining all of the approaches can produce a
watered down version that is no better than just common sense.
It is difficult to know when to use or combine the approaches
from one situation to another.
Fades out the real differences between the approaches
and their researchers.
Overall, it still needs a lot of work.…read more
Focuses on learning behaviour (SLT + Behaviourist)
Uses scientific methods (Biological + Behaviourist)
Listens to individuals describing their experiences (Humanistic
Stresses importance of cognitive processes (Cognitive + SLT)
Studies animals to understand behaviour (Biological +
Treats mental disorders (Biological + Cognitive)
Applies ideas focused on helping people which is seen as most
important (Humanistic + Psychodynamic)
Choice (Humanistic) Vs. No choice in behaviour (Bio, Behav,
Scientific methods (Bio, Behav) Vs. Non-scientific (Human,
Biology Vs. Learning
Study subjectively (Human) Vs. Objectively (Behav)
Importance of theory (Bio, Behav) Vs. Application (Human,
Types of determinism (Bio) Vs. Unconscious (Psycho)
Nature Vs. Nurture (and other debates)…read more