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A2 PSYCHOLOGY
AQA
PSYA3 - Aggression

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AGGRESSION
Social psychological explanations Social learning theory De-individuation
Institutional aggression Importation Deprivation
Biological explanations Neural mechanisms Hormonal mechanisms Genetics
Evolutionary explanations Jealousy Infidelity
Group display of aggression in sport Xenophobia Territoriality
Warfare Sexual selection

Page 3

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What Social Learning theory
is it?
The Social Learning Theory proposes that aggression is learnt through imitation
More likely to be repeated if:
·
Behaviour is reinforced (rewarded)
·
A role model is the one behaving in this manner Reinforcing this behaviour with a
reward makes it more likely to…

Page 4

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aggressively with the bobo

BANDURA'S BOBO DOLL STUDY
Half were exposed to adults models interacting
The results showed :
· The children in the aggressive condition were seen to
reproduce more physical and verbal aggression towards the Bobo doll
· Where as children in the non-aggressive condition saw
almost no…

Page 5

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Evaluation
Difficult to generalise the findings to aggressive behaviour towards other living
things = as it was only a toy and the children could make the difference between
a living and non living thing, so we cannot conclude that they would have
behaved the same way towards another child
The…

Page 6

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Deindividuation
Zimbardo introduced deindividuation, which refers to the loss of personal identity
and personal responsibility when we are for example part of a crowd wearing a
mask
Can be used to explain an increase in aggressive behaviour because when
belonging to an anonymous crowd the individual loses their personal socialised…

Page 7

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Evaluation
RWA = suicide baiting crowds are a psychological phenomenon and refer to
crowds that can be present at a site where person threatens to jump off a
building with the intent of committing suicide. The crowd is referred to as baiting
because they taunt the victim and maliciously encourage…

Page 8

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Institutional aggression
= the violent behaviour that exists within institutions - occurs when aggressive behaviour has
become the norm in an institution
Two types of factors are used to explain institutional aggression: the importation model
(dispositional factors) and the deprivation model (situational factors)

IMPORTATION MODEL
- Irwin & Cressey This…

Page 9

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disproportionately engage in prison violence

Page 10

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Deprivation model
This structural explanation suggest that the prisoners aggression starts as a result of internal
factors within the prison setting. The overwhelming crisis in the UK prisons has been linked and
can increase in both interpersonal violence and self-harm
According to the deprivation model, aggression in prisons is a…

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Pages in this set

Page 1

Preview of page 1
A2 PSYCHOLOGY
AQA
PSYA3 - Aggression

Page 2

Preview of page 2
AGGRESSION
Social psychological explanations Social learning theory De-individuation
Institutional aggression Importation Deprivation
Biological explanations Neural mechanisms Hormonal mechanisms Genetics
Evolutionary explanations Jealousy Infidelity
Group display of aggression in sport Xenophobia Territoriality
Warfare Sexual selection

Page 3

Preview of page 3
What Social Learning theory
is it?
The Social Learning Theory proposes that aggression is learnt through imitation
More likely to be repeated if:
·
Behaviour is reinforced (rewarded)
·
A role model is the one behaving in this manner Reinforcing this behaviour with a
reward makes it more likely to…

Page 4

Preview of page 4
aggressively with the bobo

BANDURA'S BOBO DOLL STUDY
Half were exposed to adults models interacting
The results showed :
· The children in the aggressive condition were seen to
reproduce more physical and verbal aggression towards the Bobo doll
· Where as children in the non-aggressive condition saw
almost no…

Page 5

Preview of page 5
Evaluation
Difficult to generalise the findings to aggressive behaviour towards other living
things = as it was only a toy and the children could make the difference between
a living and non living thing, so we cannot conclude that they would have
behaved the same way towards another child
The…

Page 6

Preview of page 6
Deindividuation
Zimbardo introduced deindividuation, which refers to the loss of personal identity
and personal responsibility when we are for example part of a crowd wearing a
mask
Can be used to explain an increase in aggressive behaviour because when
belonging to an anonymous crowd the individual loses their personal socialised…

Page 7

Preview of page 7
Evaluation
RWA = suicide baiting crowds are a psychological phenomenon and refer to
crowds that can be present at a site where person threatens to jump off a
building with the intent of committing suicide. The crowd is referred to as baiting
because they taunt the victim and maliciously encourage…

Page 8

Preview of page 8
Institutional aggression
= the violent behaviour that exists within institutions - occurs when aggressive behaviour has
become the norm in an institution
Two types of factors are used to explain institutional aggression: the importation model
(dispositional factors) and the deprivation model (situational factors)

IMPORTATION MODEL
- Irwin & Cressey This…

Page 9

Preview of page 9
disproportionately engage in prison violence

Page 10

Preview of page 10
Deprivation model
This structural explanation suggest that the prisoners aggression starts as a result of internal
factors within the prison setting. The overwhelming crisis in the UK prisons has been linked and
can increase in both interpersonal violence and self-harm
According to the deprivation model, aggression in prisons is a…

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No comments have yet been made