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Last minute Revision | user
Cold war
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Topic 6: The Collapse of Communism and the Post Cold War World 1980­2000
Key issue: Why did communism collapse in Central and Eastern Europe?
·Reagan and the renewal of the Cold War: attitudes to Communism; development of new
weapons; SDI
·Solidarity in Poland: conditions in Poland; Lech Walesa; aims and suppression.…read more

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What is a democracy?
Democracy is a political system in which people can choose who runs the country from a
group of political parties.
People living in a democracy expect to have freedom of religious speech and so on
Capitalism is an economic system in which own land, factories, businesses etc.
It is a fundamental part of democracy
Democratic countries across the world were very worried about the ideas of communism and
feared that it would spread from Russia.…read more

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Yalta (Feb 1945)
In February 1945 it was clear that the end of the cold war was only months away and the leaders
of the allied powers met at Yalta.
President Roosevelt from the USA, Stalin from the USSR and Churchill from Britain
attended this summit meeting.
They met to discuss what should happen to Europe when the war ended.
Stalin wanted the Germans to pay reparations to cover the cost of the damage done to
Russia during the war.…read more

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On the 16th July Truman was told that the Americans had successfully tested the atom bombs
Stalin wasn't told immediately and it was obvious the USA didn't want to tell him anything. Stalin
got more suspicious.
What decisions regarding reparations was made at Potsdam?
On reparations, it was decided that each country could have its own reparations from its own
occupied zone, but the western powers did allow the USSR to receive industrial equipment and
goods from their zones.…read more

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Things they disagreed on:
Germany: Stalin wanted to cripple Germany to protect the USSR, Truman wanted
it to recover.…read more

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