Charles and Parliament 1625-29

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The Parliament of 1625 (MayAugust)
Charles called this Parliament because he wanted money to persuade the war against Spain.
Charles did not attempt to woo MP's to get their support and there was little guidance in
debates
Subsidies
Commons voted two subsidies of £140,000 to Charles to demonstrate their loyalty to the
King (but Charles gave no indication of the sum that he required)
Tonnage and Poundage
Tonnage and Poundage was a custom revenue traditionally granted to the king by the first
parliament of his reign and made up a good portion of his income. Privateers from North
Africa were raiding the coast suggesting the money was being misplaced so the Commons
gave Charles a grant of one year to give them time for a full discussion of reform. This
inflicted with Charles Parliamentary Privilege which was that he was to be granted all
tonnage and poundage. Charles was deeply offended, especially as the lords refused to pass
the bill of tonnage and poundage. Charles continued to collect the tonnage and poundage
without parliamentary sanction saying it was a necessity, he said he couldn't live on ordinary
income when he was faced with major war.
The Oxford Parliament and its dissolution
It was a mistake to reassemble parliament at Oxford just three weeks after having
adjourned it due to fear of plague because MP's had made it clear they were unwilling to
grant more money and were unsympathetic towards Charles plea. Parliament turned its
attention to Buckingham who they blamed for mishandling the session and the Kings affairs
Charles saw this as an attack on his authority and dissolved parliament.
Assessment of 1625 Parliament
King and commons lost trust in each other
Charles felt betrayed, he couldn't understand why they had failed to fund a war they
approved
Charles resented attacks on Buckingham
Annoyed at failure to grant tonnage and poundage which was in violation of his
Royal Prerogative
Commons were bewildered by refusal to negotiate

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The Parliament of 1626 (February to June)
Summoned to raise funds. In order to remove the people he considered responsible for the
failure of the last parliament he made some MPs into sheriffs so they could be taken out of
Parliament and couldn't run as an MP. However this didn't help as it instead gave an
opportunity for others to show their dissatisfaction.…read more

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The Forced Loan of 16261627 (outside Parliament)
The crown was over one million is debt and Charles asked for a benevolence loan before the
force loan. Charles enforced a parliamentary taxation, not sanctioned by parliament and
there was considerable ill feeling.…read more

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The Parliament of 162829 (March 1628 to March 1629)
Summoned because Charles needed money
There was a "Crisis of Parliaments" because both sides felt justifiable grievances. Charles
made his position clear when he informed parliament that if it refused or failed to provide
funds to meet the common danger then he would exclude parliament.
The council made efforts to create a good atmosphere. Buckingham reconciled himself to
some political enemies, loan resisters were released.…read more

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Issues that dominated Parliament
Arminianism and Tonnage + Poundage
In 1628 Charles made Laud the Bishop of London. The commons resolved unanimously that
they needed to discuss religion, however, Charles was not prepared to weaken his support
for Arminians and the session was therefore doomed (DOOMED). Because Charles had only
signed his initial to the Petition of Right (seen as a bit of a dick move by Parliament) it had
the effect of weakening the Petitions impact.…read more

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