Charles and Parliament

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  • Conflict between Charles and Parliament 1625-29
    • Charles
      • refused to bargain when demanding money from Parlt
      • Refused to remove Buckingham
      • Saw Parliament as "a subservient instrument for funding his war policies"
      • Forced Loan
      • Opening speech 1628 heightened Parlt fear of extinction
      • Ambiguous response and reprinting answer to Petition of Right soured relations
      • Encouraged and protected Arminions
      • Attempted to be conciliatory at 1629 Parlt
    • Buckingham
      • Plunged England into two needless wars which were both fundamentally avoidable
      • 1625 Parlt soured by attacks on Buckingham
      • 1625 Cadiz expedition was a disaster
        • Supporters such as Eliot turned against him and attempted to have him impeached
      • Parlt refused to vote money while Buckingham had power
      • 1627 Rhe expedition disaster
        • incompetent war leader
          • 1625 Cadiz expedition was a disaster
            • Supporters such as Eliot turned against him and attempted to have him impeached
      • Died in 1628 - 1629 Parlt still stormy
    • Parliament
      • Did not vote tonnage and poundage as customary
      • Mps had encouraged war then were not prepared to pay for it - Russell
      • Charles was conciliatory 1629 but Eliot would not grant tonnage and poundage
      • Eliot Holles and Valentine hold down speaker 1629 - even contemporaries admit they went too far
      • MPs prepared to vote £300,000 but withheld it because Chales uncooperative
    • Arminians
      • Accused of encouraging Charles to behave as an absolute monarch
      • Supported the forced loan
      • Arminians had been promoted under James
      • 1628 Parlt impeached Manwaring for his sermon supporting the forced loan
    • War
      • Conflict about conduct of the War
      • Charles had to resort to the forced loan in order to expense the expeditions to Cadiz and La Rochelle and to pay subsidies to King of Denmark
      • The Petition of Right 1628 attacked methods used to fight the war
      • By 1629 war had stopped but Parlt still stormy

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