chapter 1- data, information and knowledge

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Chapter 1- data, information and knowledge
Data
Raw facts and figures that on their own, have no meaning
Can be alphanumeric characters i.e. text, numbers and symbols
Data into information
To achieve its aims the organisation will need to process data into
information
Data needs to be turned into meaningful information and presented in its
most useful format
Data must be processed in a context in order to give it meaning.
Information
Data that has been processed within a context to give it meaning
Or
Data that has been processed within a form to give it meaning
Knowledge
Knowledge is the understanding of rules needed to interpret information.
Example
Data
List of numbers with no context- 51, 77, 88, 67, 30
Information
List is students test scores
Knowledge
Teacher can work out an average to see what score students should get by
calculating an average, and then see who needs the most help.

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