Case studies for Edexcel B Unit 15 Development Dilemmas

Case studies you need to know for Edexcel Geography unit 15 Development Dilemmas

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Development dilemmas
India's Urban Core
Everything about India is huge and growing.
Its population is the world's second largest and is 20 times bigger than the UK's.
It has a huge workforce of 500 million people.
Its economy was the worlds fifth largest in 2008, worth $3 trillion.
Wile the world's economy has been growing by about 3% every year, India's has been
growing by about 7%.
India's wealth is not evenly spread out. Some Indians are very wealthy, were as others live
in great poverty.
Its wealth varies between states as well as cities.
Maharashtra is India's richest core region, with the largest GDP ­in total and per person. It
contains India's largest city, Mumbai, with 13 million people.
Maharashtra's economic growth has come from services, e.g. banking, insurance, IT and
call centers. Mumbai's universities produce well educated English speaking people who go
and work for companies such as BT.
There growth has also come from manufacturing, and half of Mumbai's factory workers
work in cotton textiles for export.
Their growth also comes from entertainment, as Mumbai has the worlds biggest film
industry, Bollywood, and their growth also comes from leisure and business services e.g.
hotels and restaurants
India's rural periphery
Bihar is India's poorest state as well as its most rural state. 86% of its population live in rural
areas, and most work in farming.
Farming in India pays poorer wages than urban industries.
The average income in Bihar is about 6000 rupees a year, which is equal to $75.
55% if households live below the poverty line and 80% of people work in low level jobs
paying little.
26 of India's poorest districts are in Bihar.
Although Bihar is India's third most populous state with 100 million people, it gets little
investment from companies as people cannot even afford basic services.
In 2003 only 59% of its households had electricity, and 12% flushing toilets.
80% of households used wood, and 35% cow dung, as fuel in their kitchen, meaning that
lung disease was common from the smoke.
In Bihar, 54% of households are landless, and often in bad years many people borrowed
from moneylenders who had very high interest rates. With low incomes and debt,
malnutrition is common and diets are poor.
In Bihar the school attendance was very poor.
Not one woman in 2003 studied for a diploma in engineering or sciences.
Bihar is a castebased society, and this affects poverty and literacy.
Top down Development Scheme
The Sardar Sarovar Dam

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The dam across the Narmada River is already one of the world's largest dams. When
completed it will provide water all year round to areas of India that suffer drought.
Benefits of the dam are that the dam is multipurpose, it provides billions of litres of clean
water a day, as well as HEP. The dam will also be able to irrigate over a million hectares of
land through canals.…read more


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