British Foreign Policy and European Relations 1980-1939 Timeline

A timeline of the key events, split into smaller periods to make it easier to use for essay writing. Also included all the possible topics I could think of which may come up in the exam. 
If you can think of any more, let me know! Thank you :) 

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Key Question Notes:
PESMF ­ Political Economic Social Military Foreign Policy
MUST cover whole 100 year period
Possible Exam Questions:
"To what extend was __________________ The main influence on Britain's
relationship with Europe, between 1880-1980?'
Could be:
Relationship with/Fear of Germany
Preserving the Balance of Power
Protecting the Empire
Fear of France
Collective Security
Fear of Russia
Splendid Isolationism
Ethics & Morality
Avoiding war
[+ other Factors]
1887: PM unwilling to be in an alliance with Germany. However, he was willing
to act with Austria-Hungary, Italy and Turkey to guarantee Mediterranean
1889: Naval defence act sets up 2 power standard.
This was expensive, as other powers were rapidly increasing their navy size
1890: Agreed Zanzibar ­ Heligoland exchange with Germany
1894: French-Russian alliance scared Britain ­ two enemies had come
together. By 1900, Italy, Germany and Austria-Hungary had formed an
alliance, the Triple Alliance, against Russia and France
1898: German Naval Bill saw Germany trying to compete with Britain's status.
1898: Fashoda incident meant we were nearly at war with France (and Russia
as allied)

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German Naval Race begins
1895-1902: Government spending increased by 50%. Half of this was being
spent on the armed forces
1899-1902: Boer War highlights British weakness ­ took 3 years to win a war
against farmers
1902: Anglo-Japanese alliance - reduces naval overstretch. This was a
defensive, not an offensive alliance, as the attacked country must be attacked
by 2 powers for the intervention of the other country. It was also regional, as it
meant we could bring out navy from the far-east back.…read more

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Washington Naval Agreement
1923: French occupy Ruhr
1924: Dawes plan
1925: Locarno Treaty
1926: Germany joins League of Nations
1928: Kellogg-Briand pact renounced war ­ 65 nations signed it, outlawing war
1929: Young Plan ­ Germany's reparations reduced by one third. It was agreed
Foreign Troops would leave Germany by mid 1930s
1929: Wall Street Crash ­ No money/crash of the stock market, meaning
America fell. By 1933, 3 million Brits were unemployed, 6 million Germans
were unemployed and 12 million Americans were unemployed.…read more


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