Germany 1900-1945: A Detailed Timeline of Events.

A detailed timeline of Germany from 1900 to 1945 with all of the key dates & events.

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  • Created by: Megan
  • Created on: 09-06-12 16:10
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October, Von Bulow becomes Chancellor. (The Kaiser trusted him however the Reichstag did not
always support him).
Accident insurance introduced by Von Posadowky (Interior Minister who had control over
domestic affairs).
Second German Naval Law passed (38 battleships built in 20 years).
Britain proposed an alliance with Germany however the German Foreign Office declined because
Britain refused to commit to the Triple Alliance (Germany, AustriaHungary and Italy).
December, a tariff law was introduced which restored tariffs to pre1892 levels.
April, Sickness Insurance Law introduced, which gave greater help to workers (26 weeks rather
than the previous 13 weeks).
AngloFrench Entente.
The Herero Uprising in German South West Africa. Defeated at the Battle of Waterburg in August.
Herero people subjected to a deliberate policy of genocide. The population was 15,000 in 1911
compared to 80,000 pre 1904.
March, the First Moroccan Crisis, also known as the Tangier Crisis (19051906). Kaiser
Wilhelm visited Tangier, Morocco which was under the French Sphere of Influence. Germany
tried to cause problems and divide Britain and France however this failed. Germany also tried to
divide France and Russia through the Treaty of Bjorko, an agreement between Germany and Russia
in an attempt to improve relations between the countries, signed in July. However this also failed due
to opposition in the Russian Foreign Office who did not want to damage its relations with France. The
Algeciras Conference & Act confirmed Morocco's independence and France's influence over the
country and the Entente was strengthened. Germany failed and feared encirclement.
Schlieffen plan devised. This was a plan to conquer France before Russia mobilised. The plan relied
on slow French and slow Russian mobilisation.

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February, Britain launches HMS Dreadnought.
April, Act of Algeciras.
May, the Third Naval Law passed (Germany increases the size of battleships due to German failure
to damage the Triple Entente at the Algeciras Conference and because of the launch of Britain's
HMS Dreadnought).
May, the Centre Party joined the SPD in voting against the government's colonial policy.
Bulow's government was being attacked for its policy in the colony of German South West Africa. As
a result his government was defeated and the Reichstag dissolved.…read more

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February, French and German governments signed an agreement to respect each others
interests in Morocco.
March, the British government set aside a budget to build 9 Dreadnought battle ships in the
Austria Hungary forced Serbia and Russia to recognise the annexation of Bosnia and
Herzegovina and threatened war against Serbia. AustriaHungary had the support of Bulow's
Bulow's Chancellorship ended as he no longer had the confidence of the Kaiser.
July, BethmannHollweg was appointed Chancellor (19091917).…read more

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January, in the Reichstag elections, the SPD became the largest political party (partly due to an
alliance with the Progressive Liberals). Philip Schiedemann of the SPD became Vice President of the
February, the British Minister of War Lord Haldane visits Berlin in order to improve relations
between Britain and Germany. The Germans would agree to a limit on fleet expansion only if
the British agreed to neutrality in any future European land war.…read more

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June, the heir to the Austrian throne, Archduke Franz Ferdinand, was assassinated by
Gavril Princip in Sarajevo. Princip was a member of the Serbian terrorist organisation, the Black
5 July, an Austrian diplomat, Count Hoyos, travelled to Berlin seeking Germany's support for
action against Serbia. The Kaiser and the German government including Chancellor
BethmannHollweg offered their unconditional support in what became known as the `Blank
23 July, Austria issued Serbia with an ultimatum.…read more

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August, Britain declared war on Germany in protection of Belgian neutrality as had been
agreed in 1839.
6 August, Austria declared war on Russia.
August, Burgfrieden agreed (political parties agreed to support the war).
August, Hindenburg and Ludendorff became joint leaders of the Supreme Command and both
decided on the strategy of the war. As a result several opportunities for a negotiated peace were
turned down. It was the start of a military dictatorship which was to last until the end of the war.…read more

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March, the Treaty of BrestLitovsk, signed by the Russian government, handed over to the
Germans the regions of Poland, Lithuania, Finland, the Baltic provinces, part of the Caucasus and
Ukraine. Germany seized threequarters of Russia's coal and iron, virtually all of its oil and cotton, and
a third of its population. The Treaty of BrestLitovsk meant German victory in the East.
March, the Ludendorff Offensive.…read more

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Germany into a parliamentary democracy.
Wilhelm II gave up his powers over the army and the navy to the Reichstag. The Chancellor and his
government were made accountable to the Reichstag, instead of the Kaiser. Prince Max also began
the process of negotiations with the Allies.
27 October, Ludendorff resigned and was succeeded by General Groener.
2 November, Kiel Mutiny. The prospect of defeat and peace sparked mutiny in naval port of Kiel.…read more

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Republic. Nevertheless,
there is a counterargument that Ebert was motivated by the desire to guarantee stability.
November, political parties agree to hold elections to a National Constituent Assembly.
January, the Spartacist Revolt. Spartacists were a group of revolutionaries led by Karl Liebknecht
and Rosa Luxemburg, who had broken away from the USPD. They hoped to provoke a revolution
similar to the revolution in Russia in 1917 followed by an alliance with the new Russian state led by
Lenin.…read more

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SPD), the Centre Party and the German Democratic Party (DDP). The main party
opposing the new democracy, the nationalist DNVP, only received 10.3 per cent of the vote.
February, Kurt Eisner, the USPD leader in Bavaria was assassinated by a right wing student. The
assassination triggered revolution in Bavaria.
April, Soviet Republic is declared in Bavaria (Red Bavaria). It was led by Communist leader
Eugene Levine, who embarked on a series of radical reforms that included seizing the property of the
wealthy.…read more



really good detailed timeline- very useful- thanks

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