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The Six Constituents of
English Language
Mode and Concept - this looks at the type
of text in which you are looking at; what
factors may effect the writer's view; the
context to the piece of text; the formality;
etc...it is always dependant on the text in
which you are looking at.…read more

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When we look at grammar, we need to
consider the following things:
Word Classes
Pre & Post Modification
Phrases & Clauses
Active and Passive Voice
Subject, Verb and Object
Although the majority of what is in this
PowerPoint is considered to be part of
Grammar, they can be categorized in a
further hyponym(you will learn what a
hyponym is later in this PowerPoint).…read more

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Word Classes
There are many different word classes, e.g.
Nouns, Verbs, Adjectives, Adverbs, etc...
The word classes are very important as
they are the basis of a sentence, without
them, we wouldn't be able to form
There are nine word classes which are
most relevant to you.
They are: Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs,
Adjectives, Adverbs, Prepositions,
Conjunctions and Determiners.…read more

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Word Classes
Nouns are known as `naming words'.
We can get different types of nouns.
A common noun is a generalised term for
something. E.g. city.
A proper noun is normally a name. It has
two distinctive features; 1. it will name a
specific item and 2. it will begin with a
capital letter no matter where in a
sentence. E.g. London.
A count noun also known as a countable
noun is something which we can count.
E.g. dogs and cats.
A non-count noun is something which
we cannot count. E.g. water and air.…read more

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Word Classes
A collective noun is a word which defines a group of
objects. Collective nouns are usually applied to
animals, e.g. flock. However, they can be used to
describe other things such as people and inanimate
objects. E.g. team.
Nouns can be split into concrete or abstract nouns.
A concrete noun is a noun which can be either seen,
heard, touched, smelt or tasted. E.g. ice cream or
apple tree.
An abstract noun is the opposite of a concrete noun,
it cannot be sensed ­ you cannot see, hear, smell,
taste or touch it. E.g. bravery or intelligence.…read more

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Paul Dutton

A superb resource which contains plenty of useful information, bullet points for ease of use.

Effie O'Toole

This is the most useful thing I've found so far! Thank you!!


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Thank you so, so much! 

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