AS Level English Lang And Lit Much Ado About Nothing ACt 4

Revision notes on "Much Ado About Nothing" Act 4 for AS level English language and Literature.

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Act 4
Scene 1
The guests assemble at Hero and Claudio's wedding
Friar Francis begins the ceremony but Claudio refuses Hero as his wife and returns her to Leonato
Leonato assumes Hero has lost her virginity to Claudio but Claudio denies this and Don Pedro
denounces Hero as a common prostitute.
Claudio question Hero about the man he saw at her window but Hero denies the accusation,
although Don Pedro confirms the sighting.
Hero faints, which Don John claims is because her promiscuity has been revealed.
Don Pedro, Don John and Claudio leave.
Beatrice fears that Hero is dead, while Leonato wishes her dead as she has shamed the family
Benedick asks Beatrice if she was with Hero that night, when Beatrice denies it, Leonato is
convinced of her guilt but Friar Francis sees her innocence.
Hero is prepared to suffer torture and death if proven guilty.
Benedick begins to suspect his friends have been deceived and Leonato swears revenge if this is
so true.
Friar Francis advises them to pretend Hero is dead and explains the healing effect on Claudio,
which if it doesn't work means Hero will join a nunnery.
Benedick advises Leonato to accept Friar Francis' advice.
Benedick asks Beatrice how he can help to prove Hero's innocence and tells her he loves her.
Beatrice admits she loves Benedick and he swears to do anything for her but refuses to follow her
wish of killing Claudio.
Beatrice wishes she were a man so she could take revenge herself and despairs of finding a man
that will kill Claudio for her.
Benedick is convinced by hr belief that Hero has been wronged and commits to challenge Claudio.
Shakespearean audience would have found it comical for a female to act in a dominant and revengeful way.
Claudio: `There Leonato, take her back again. Give not this rotten orange to your friend, she's but the sign
and semblance of her honour.' Claudio creates melodrama here, showing his youthful inexperience. He
shows his fear of sexuality through using the metaphor/euphemism of a rotten fruit to describe how Hero is
not a virgin. He returns her to Leonato as if she is a possession rather than a person.
Claudio: `You seem to me as Dian in her orb, As chaste as a bud ere blown: But you are more intemperate in
your blood, Than Venus.' Claudio compares Hero's appearance to Diana, goddess of chastity, however he
says that in reality she is more like Venus, goddess of sexual love and as hot headed as randy animals.
Don Pedro: `I stand dishonoured that have gone about to link my dear friend to a common stale.' Here Don
Pedro admits he feels ashamed that he has set Claudio up with a prostitute. Because he in the Prince people
will believe what he says.
Claudio: `But fair thee well, most foul, most fair, farewell/ Thou pure impiety and impious purity.'
Claudio uses syntactic patterning to express how Hero is beautiful on the outside but corrupt within. He
expresses the difference between what she appears and what he thinks she really is.

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Leonato: `She has fallen into a pit of ink, that the wide sea has drops too few to wash her clean again, And
salt too little which may season give to her foul, tainted flesh.' Leonato wishes that he had never had
children and in this selfabsorbed speech, containing many first person pronouns such as `I', `my' and
`mine', he instantly believes that Hero has been unfaithful.…read more

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