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AS CITIZENSHIP EXAM REVISION:

KEY TOPICS


1) What is a citizen?

Citizenship:
Acting on one's rights and duties to become a fully participating member of society.

Civil rights:
protecting individual freedoms such as the freedom of speech.

Political rights:
political rights are entitlements or permissions usually of a legal or…

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people should look after themselves and put their own interests first
individualism is the moral stance, political philosophy, or social outlook that stresses
independence and self-reliance.


3) Rights, duties and being British

Citizen's rights and duties:

Legal - Rights: free speech, own property, fair trial Duties: obey the law
Social…

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Integration: where groups traditionally excluded from society are able to move into the mainstream
of society, gaining rights and privileges that they would of been excluded form before.

Stereotyping: a stereotype is a phrase relating to a group of people, the term is often used in a
negative way when…

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This is when an individual lacks basic resources to maintain an adequate diet, accommodation and
clothing which leads to deterioration of health.

Relative poverty:
This is a type of poverty where an individual will possess the basics and so not necessarily have
health risks. They would not have the means…

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11) Anti-discrimination legislation

Gender - equal pay act 1970
Sex discrimination act 1975
Gender equality duty 2007
Disability - disability discrimination act 1995
Ethnicity - race relations act 1976 and 200 amendment
Sexual orientation - equality act 2006
Age - the employment equality (age) regulations 2006
Human rights act 1998…

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14) Magistrates court

usually made up of 3 local people (aged 21-60 but most are around 40)
balance of age, ethnicity ans race
must have a mature outlook
unpaid but give up 26 days a year for their service
can take time off their daily job but don't get paid…

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advertising by legal firms
opportunities to benefit from free or cheap advice


17) Legal professions


Lawyers are people who have studies and practiced law. They are divided into two groups of
barristers and solicitors who specialise in civil or criminal cases.

Barristers:

most barristers are self employed and make their…

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the availability of resources of funding
the chance of success
public interest
the need to operate within the fixed budget of the Community Legal Service Fund


Alternatives to the Community Legal Service are available to people who don't qualify for this
funding:

the Law Society has an accident help line…

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