Right to Life revision

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Citizenship Notes 9/12/11
Right to Life:
A phrase that describes the belief that a human being has an essential right to live,
particularly that a human being has the right not to be killed by another human being.
The concept of a right to life is central to debates on the issues of abortion, capital
punishment, euthanasia, self-defence and war.
Capital Punishment:
Abolished in the UK.
Was in statute books for long time and every 5 years MP's had to debate on whether to
keep it or remove it.
"The Right to Die"
The ethical or institutional entitlement of the individual to commit suicide or to undergo
voluntary euthanasia.
Possession of this right is often understood to mean that a person with a terminal illness
should be allowed to commit suicide or assisted suicide or to decline life-prolonging
treatment, where a disease would otherwise prolong their suffering to an identical result.
A debate exists within bioethics over whether the right to die is universal, or only applies
under certain circumstances--such as terminal illness.
Truancy
Any intentional unauthorized absence from compulsory schooling.
The term typically describes absences caused by students of their own free will, and usually
does not refer to legitimate "excused" absences, such as ones related to medical conditions.
In England and Wales, the legal maximum for truancy is 11 days per term, after which it is a
criminal offence for parents. There is a warning given the first time the parents allow the
child to commit truancy more than allowed, then there is a fine if continued, starting from
£50.
In the United States, the fine for truancy can range from $250 to as much as $5000. In some
cities teenagers found on the streets during school hours are sometimes even handcuffed.
In May 2002, Patricia Amos stepped into the glare of media attention and political debate,
making headlines around the world.
This 43-year-old mother of five from Oxfordshire became the first parent in England to be
sent to jail because her child was playing truant.
Prosecuted for the truancy of a younger daughter, she was given a 28-day sentence.
Civil Rights
Personal Freedoms
USA ­ Bill of Rights
UK ­ Human Rights Act
According to the usual description of the law of arms, coats of arms, armorial badges, flags
and standards and other similar emblems of honour may only be borne by virtue of ancestral
right.
Ancestral right means descent in the male line from an ancestor who lawfully bore arms.

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Citizenship Notes 9/12/11
The Second Amendment to the United States Constitution was heavily influenced by the
English Bill of Rights 1689 which restricted the right of the Federal government to interfere
with the personal right to bear arms.
Social Rights
Those rights arising from the social contract, in contrast to natural rights which arise from the
natural law.
E.g. Right to live in reasonable safe environment.
Issue of homelessness.…read more

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Citizenship Notes 9/12/11
o After his arrest in November 1952, further IQ tests were administered to Bentley at
Brixton Prison. Bentley was described as "borderline feeble-minded", with a verbal
score of 71, a performance IQ of 87 and a full scale IQ of 77.[2]
Timothy Evans case ­ accused of the murder of his daughter, and suspected for the murder
of his wife. Was hanged. Later emerged his neighbour Christie was a serial killer who had
murdered Evans' wife and daughter as well as others.…read more

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