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Citizenship in Action Research Task

Definitions and Examples

Pressure Group

Definition: A group that tries to influence public policy in the interest of a particular

Examples: Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (RSPCA), Amnesty
International, Oxfam, Greenpeace. Some less well-known groups; Surfers
against Sewage, British Toilet…

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Citizenship in Action Research Task

Promotional/Cause Groups:

Definition: Tend to have altruistic policies, meaning that members may not directly
benefit personally from the success of their cause but wider society will.
They tend to have an open membership. There are two types of cause

1. Those with single, limited…

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Citizenship in Action Research Task

Protest Movements

Definition: Protest movements developed during the nineteenth century as the middle
classes, and the working classes, became more educated. A protest is an
expression of objection, by words or by actions, to particular events, policies
or situations. Protests can take many different forms,…

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Citizenship in Action Research Task

Pressure Group Democracy

Many people argue both for and against the idea of pressure groups benefiting British democracy. It
is difficult to come to an overall conclusion as we are dealing with many different groups with many
different aims, compositions and methods. Some groups may…

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Citizenship in Action Research Task

The idea of lobbying could be an argument against pressure groups. Many people believe too much
surrounding pressure groups goes on in secret. People worry about the circumstances under which
bargains between interest groups and Whitehall departments are made. It could also be considered


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