Overview Booklet: AS AQA Spec A 'Abnormality'

I created this booklet during my course to help me revise. If you're aiming for a grade B or so, this booklet is about your level.

I think it's the formatting, the way it looks, which makes it easy to remember. There aren't any chunks of text to wade through, it's mostly in bulletpoints and pretty boxes.

I hope it's useful. :)

***Unlike my last resource this is a .doc file, which means you can open in it in Word2003 or later. Sorry about the 2007 format before! :( ***

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AS Psychology Notes

ABORMALITY


Contents
Definitions of Abnormality (Psychopathology)
Deviation from social norms
Failure to function adequately
Deviation from ideal mental health
The Biological Approach to Psychopathology
Concepts
Methods of Investigation
Limitations
The Biological Approach: Treatments
Chemotherapy
ElectroConvulsive Therapy (ECT)
The Psychodynamic Approach to Psychopathology
Concepts
Methods of Investigation
Limitations…

Page 2

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Definitions of Abnormality (Psychopathology)

Di
ffer
en t
people
have dif
fer
en t
opi
nions about
w hat
bei
n g
`men t
all
y i
l
l'
act
u al
ly
me ans.
As soci
al
`
norms '
change wit
h cont
ext so
doe s
w…

Page 3

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J
a hoda
suggest
ed we do
the
same
for
mental
i
l
lnesses.
She
w r
ote
the
fol
lowi
ng
cat
egor
ies
to
anal
yse
for
t
he absence
of
good
mental
heal
th:



Sel
f
esteem &
a st
rong sense
of
identi
ty.

The
extent…

Page 4

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The Biological Approach to Psychopathology

Thi
s
is
the
view of
mai
nst
ream
Psychiatry.
I
t
is
also
ref
err
ed
to
as
the
Medical Model.


Concepts
Me ntal
d i
sorders
are l
i
ke
physical
di
sorders t
hey are
il
l
n esses.

A ll
beha…

Page 5

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The Biological Approach: Treatments
Chemotherapy
Chemo t
her
apy
is
tr
eatme nt
using
ch emical
s:
drugs.
Psychi
atr
ic
drugs ar
e drugs
w hi
ch modi
fy
and
af
fect
mood
and
be havi
ou r
.


Antipsychotic Drugs Antidepressant Drugs
Treats: Schizophreni
a Depressi
o n…

Page 6

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The pat
ient
i
s sedated.

Muscle
rel
a xant
i
s used t
o pr
e v
e nt

f
ract
ures or
brui
sing.

Oxygen i
s administ
ered as
the
p at
ient

cannot
breat
he .

0.
6 amp s
of
electr
ic
curr
en t…

Page 7

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The Psychodynamic Approach to Psychopathology
Concepts
Me ntal
i
l
lnesses ar
e
caused by conf
li
cts
in
the subconsci
o us
mind bet
w een
the
id
and t
he
supe r
ego.


EGO ­ C ont
rols
the
id
a nd
the super
e go.
This

i…

Page 8

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Experiments
Ther
e
ha v
e
bee n
mo der
n
day i
nvesti
gati
ons
int
o Freud'
s t
h eor
ies.
Fisher and Greenberg (1996)
di
d a
me ta
a nal
ysis
on over
2500 exper
iments
test
ing
Freud's
me thods.
H owever
it
i…

Page 9

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Pl
anti
ng f
alse
memo ri
es
is
unet
hical
and
can di
rect
ly
aff
ect
fr
iends
and
famil
y of
t
he r
elat
ive.

I
n t
he
past
fal
se memo r
ies
have
lead
to
court
cases.

For
ced t
erminat
ion
of…

Page 10

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No
inclusi
on of
biol
ogical
i
deas.
Diff
icul
t t
o det
e r
mine cause and
eff
ects
of di
sorders.

Th e
though t
s may be
rati
onal
but
the envi
ronme nt
or
cir
cums t
ances may be
extr
e me.
Th e…

Comments

SophieMortlock

Thank you so much, this is an amazing resource!! :') 

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