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Set work 10: Capercaillie: 'Skye Waulking Song' from Nadurra

Style and period · Folk fusion music:
Western pop
Celtic folk music

Context · Waulking song refers to a man's song
which would be sung while working
· Waulking is the process by which tweed
is beaten against a board after…

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· The texture slowly builds up starting with
synth and fiddle and adding other
instruments in later (9secs).
· A few parts give a thin texture, the
Bazouki and keyboard plan an
interweaving melody. The voice joins in
(33secs) adding to the polyphonic
texture. The texture stays the same until…

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Dynamics · Relatively simple dynamics
· Start quietly and build up becoming
louder when all the instruments join in
· Dynamics are not written in the score but
are for the performer to decide
Rhythm · Syncopation is found
· A variety of note lengths with complex

Page 4

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Set work 11: Rag Desh

Style and period · Indian classical music is built up in three
A melodic line played on a solo
A rhythmic pattern played on the
A drone played on a stringed

Context · Rag Desh is an example of Indian…

Page 5

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the late evening and the monsoon
Harmony ·

Tonality ·

Texture ·

Structure · Performances of a rag are often in three
parts, progressing from a slow to fast
tempo ­
· Alap
A slow introductory section
The notes and mood of the rag are
introduced against a drone…

Page 6

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· Tintal ­ a sixteen-beat cycle ( 4 + 4 + 4
+ 4)
· Keherwa tal - eight-beat cycle (2 + 2 +
2 + 2)
· Rupak: a seven-beat cycle (3 + 2 + 2)
· Ektal: a twelve-beat cycle (2 + 2 + 2 +
2 +…

Page 7

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Set work 12: Koko: 'Yiri'

Style and period · Sub-saharan/tradition west
African music. Features:
Call and response
Complex rhythms
· Mood: upbeat ­ achieved by a
fast tempo and repeititive
patterns with major vocal parts
Context · Talking drums are used to send
messages to other tribes;…

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· Repetitive
· Short melodies
· Balafon parts include tremolos
and acciaccatura
· Simple
· Regular 2 bar phrasing
· Balafons have regular octave
leaps and semiquaver,
demisemiquaver patterns ­
Harmony · There is no harmony
Tonality · Major but sounds modal as the
piece is hexatonic (6 pitches…

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music, these often feature
· In this piece there are 2 balafons, a higher
pitched one, and a lower pitched one. They
are the African versions of xylophones.
Gourds are hung under the wooden tone
bars and act as resonatoroften made of
rubber, orange peel or other natural

Page 10

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· Voices sing in unison.
· When all parts play together
there is a polyphonic texture.
· There is call and response
between the vocalists and
Metre · There is a free, unmetred
opening after which a constant
metre is established
Dynamics · The dynamics are largely


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