notes on ENTRE A2 History, England 1547-1603 (I mean everything)

I did one of these for the English exam in January and this is my revision for the June 12th exam; it's thousands of words of notes on pretty much every area; took me days and days and I hope it's useful for this year and next year, and every year until they change the spec again! :)

I used the official textbook, and have included interpretations and all that nonsense; so I hope you find it as helpful as I found it to write!

Good luck everybody! 

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  • Created on: 06-06-12 13:57
Preview of notes on ENTRE A2 History, England 1547-1603 (I mean everything)

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AQA History; The Triumph Of
Elizabeth: Britan, 1547 - 1603
Complete and detailed notes
Edward VI ­ 1547-1553
Edward was only 9 when he inherited the throne. The religious situation meant that Henry left a
regency council, made up of both conservatives such as Paget and radicals such as Seymour.
Within weeks Somerset had overthrown the regency council and awarded himself control.
Seymour awarded himself the title of Duke of Somerset in 1547, whilst he was rewarding his
followers and supporters. His Government quickly sank and this is keenly seen in his foreign
Foreign Policy
Somerset inherited a war with Scotland; he was a military man and so kept it going. He
defeated the Scots in the battle of Pinkie in 1547 but it proved too difficult and expensive from
there on out; not that this stopped him! He engaged in a military strategy that proved
unaffordable at a time of financial pressure, he was forced to pay for the war by debasing the
coinage, which heightened inflation and added to the social distress he was so scared of.
The war with Scotland and their co-operation with France brought around the prospect of
France invading through the south of England, at a time when Somerset was at his most
vulnerable ­ The year of rebellions, 1549.
Religious Policy
Religion under Edward saw a direct move towards Protestantism, Somerset welcomes radicals
such as Hooper and Becon. Somerset switched from being cautious ­ like his book of common
prayer in 1549 ­ to full on attack on Catholicism, particularly in London.
In 1549 a set on injunctions were issued, which were based on the 1538 injunctions devised by
Thomas Cromwell, a radical minister under Henry VIII. These injunctions included the forbidding
of burning of incense, encouragement to destroy religious imagery such as stained glass. These
injunctions formed the basis of the visitations, which according to Duffy: `to precipitate the
most sweeping changes in religion England had yet seen'. The ban was extended to London,
and then to the rest of the country, Haigh says; `Somerset had blundered into a total ban on
images in London, and he had got away with it'
The Chantries were dissolved in 1547 and the money was taken to the treasury. The
Government lost control a little really, when unauthorised translations of services from Latin to
English found backing, and Bishops were ordered to draw up inventories of church items; the
public feared they would soon be stripped. The tension peaked with the release of the Book of
Common Prayer ­ a moderate prayer book written by Cranmer in 1549. This, surprisingly, was
the thing that started rebellion.
The book was mostly just an English translation of Latin services, it was ambiguous in terms of
transubstantiation, Gardiner in the tower was able to accept it, and the old ceremony and

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Protestants and the
Catholics happy, but resulted in neither of these things.
This year was as Guy said; `The closest thing Tudor England came to a class war'; it saw major
discontent ubiquitously in England, and two major rebellions. Because of the on-going war with
Scotland, the troops were thinly spread as it was; Somerset's Government found it exceedingly
difficult to cope with the disorder and it lead to Somerset losing his power and being over
thrown.…read more

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When he did gain power, he delegated responsibility to people that had superior knowledge to
him, he outwitted Somerset, who tried to plan a counter-coup.
Foreign Policy and Economics
Northumberland brought an end to the wars against Scotland and France, returning Boulogne
which brought a ransom of £133, 333. He debased the coinage once, before re-basing it,
something which Mary would feel the benefit of later.…read more

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The Devise
The devise was a change to Edwards will, he had previously stated that should he die childless, his
throne should go to Lady Jane Grey's heirs male ­ to her sons. But by March he was dying, and Jane
Grey had no sons to speak of, so he altered it to say 'and her heirs male' ­ meaning that the throne
would go to Lady Jane Grey and then her sons.…read more

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Social and economic grievances ­ the cloth trade had declined which almost certainly
prompted poorer rebels
Gentry who had lost offices within the county also seemed to be attracted to the rebellion
Lady Jane Grey was executed, despite Mary promising her safety and
her complete innocence in the plotting.
The minority opinions of the Protestants could not be ignored.…read more

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Protestants. The fact that the Council began worrying about just this is shown in their
attempts to control who actually went to the burnings; servants, the young and apprentices were
banned. The policy ultimately failed to stop heresy; this may be due to a lack of time rather than the
extent of popular feeling, it certainly did no good for Mary's negative image; the title of 'Bloody Mary'
has been passed down generations, and we still know her as it today.…read more

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Elizabeth. Therefore, Elizabeth has been given the credit for the reforms and
changes, when it was Mary that planned or in some cases even implemented them in the first place!
Naval and Militia Reforms
During Mary's reign there was a complete reform of the financial and administrative areas of the
military; six new ships were built and many others repaired, along with an increased peacetime
budget of £14,000.…read more

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I do not wish to make windows into the souls of men'. This led to her
comprised religious settlement of 1559. She appointed Matthew Parker, the Boleyn Chamberlain as
Archbishop of Canterbury, he was a Queens man, and she trusted him with matters.
Upon Mary's death, the Church had been reunited with Rome; until this could be changed, the English
church would remain under the influence of the Pope, a Catholic practise. This would not be changed
until Elizabeth's excommunication in 1570.…read more

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House of
Lords, which was made up of a large proportion of Catholic Lords and Bishops; they often refused
bills, sometimes by as few and two votes. Elizabeth had to remove people from their posts and
arrest key Bishops to push her bills through; she tried to pass two in the first year of her reign that
simply were not accepted as they were too Protestant.…read more

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The presence chamber was relatively easy access; those with considerable status or power could
expect to be granted access, but the Privy Chamber was the more exclusive of the two, although its
power was considerably less than in the reign of the Tudor Kings, because the Gentlemen of the
Privy Chamber were no longer allowed access and the Ladies of the Bedchamber had only minor
political influence. So admission to the Privy Chamber was closely guarded.…read more



Thank you :)


This is amazing, thank you so much! :D


This is brilliant, Thank you!!


Amazing! Thank you so much :)

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