Foreign Policy 1547-1603

Includes the reigns of Edward and Mary to support the use of synoptic links.

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: amy curd
  • Created on: 07-06-11 14:50
Preview of Foreign Policy 1547-1603

First 330 words of the document:

Foreign Policy 1547-1603
Edward VI
1547-Invasion of Scotland
Enforced by: Somerset
Motives: -Reasserting the ancient claim of Edward I
-To marry Edward VI to Mary Queen of Scots
-Unite England and Scotland
Successes: -Won the Battle of Pinkie
Failures: -Somerset couldn't pay for the war so had to debase the coinage contributing to the
-Led to threat of war with France
-Led to Privy Council lowering their opinions of Somerset as a leader
1550- Treaty of Boulogne
Enforced by: France & Northumberland
Motives: -To end the war with France
-Re-open marriage negotiations with Edward and Mary Stuart
Successes: -England had to remove the Garrisons from Scotland and agree not to renew the war-
ended battles with Scotland and would have saved England money
-Gain 400,000 crowns ransom for Boulogne- helped England's financial situation
-Alliance between England and France
-Marriage negotiations between Edward and Elizabeth (Henry II daughter)
-England became neutral in continental wars
Failures: -England had to give up Boulogne back to the French
-Humiliation for England to give in to their traditional enemy
-Northumberland's popularity decreased
Comments: -Ending the war put England in a better financial position however its international
position was weak
Mary I
1554- Marriage between Mary & Phillip II Spain
Motives: - Form an Anglo-Spanish alliance
- Personally important to Mary
-Habsburgs wanted England as another part of their Empire
Successes: The armed forces and the Navy were significantly improved
Failures: Unpopular with the people of England
-Caused Wyatt's Rebellion
-Spanish-led foreign policy led to War with France and the loss of Calais
Historian's Views: Nigel Heard- Mary was too infatuated with Phillip and the Habsburgs to take
reasonable precautions to protect English interests
1556-War with France
Enforced by: Mary

Other pages in this set

Page 2

Preview of page 2

Here's a taster:

Motives: -French plotted to prevent an Anglo-Spanish alliance
-Phillip was already in war with France
Successes: Losing Calais may have been better in the long run as it was expensive to keep financially
Failures: -Mary lost Calais which was a huge devastation for England's prestige
-Weakened the Crown's finances
Historian's views:- P.S.…read more

Page 3

Preview of page 3

Here's a taster:

Cornwall because of the storm
Successes: Elizabeth gained 400,000 florins
Failures: - de Spes encouraged Alba to seize English ships and property in the Netherlands
- Anglo-Spanish and Anglo-Dutch trade came to a halt which contributed large amounts of money
- Continued to fracture Anglo-Spanish relations
Historian's views: Charles Wilson- Elizabeth's action was risky and an act of Piracy
1572- Treaty of Blois
Enforced by: Elizabeth
Motives: -To keep France and Spain apart
- Form an alliance with France
Successes: - The French withdrew from…read more

Page 4

Preview of page 4

Here's a taster:

Led to Leicester's resignation
-It encouraged Phillip to think that he could exploit the divisions between England and the Dutch and
influenced his Armada strategy
-Began the War with Spain
1588- The Spanish Armada
Enforced by: Phillip declared war on England
Motives: War was inevitable with the deterioration of Spain and England's relationship
Successes: - England won the Armada
- The Dutch blockaded the route of many of Parma's troops to their ports of embarkation
- The English sent fire ships into the Spanish vessels…read more

Page 5

Preview of page 5

Here's a taster:

Failures:- 1590 Froshiber and Hawkins were less profitable and there was fear of another Armada
and limited English resources
-1591 was equally unsuccessful even Elizabeth herself doubted their success
- Did not make enough profit to cover the total costs of the expeditions
1589-1594- War in the Netherlands
Led by: Lord Willoughby & Sir Francis Vere
Motives: -Continue fighting the Spanish for Dutch independence
Successes:- Spanish defeat at Bergen-op-Zoom led by Willoughby
- Vere formed a positive relationship with the Dutch leader Maurice of Nassau…read more

Page 6

Preview of page 6


Victoria Davis

Hi. Thank you for uploading this, it really helped me to sum up my notes.

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all resources »