Religion 1547-1603

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  • Religion 1547-1603
    • Mary I
      • Reinstate Catholic Doctrine
        • Parliament met Oct 1553
          • Passed First Act of Repeal (undid all religious legislation under Ed
          • Second Act of Repeal Jan 1555 - abolished all legislation from 1529
            • Made the  Pope head of Church again
              • Wanted better relationship with the Papacy
                • Return of Cardinal Pole Nov 1554
            • Couldn't restore monastic lands
      • Break from Rome = sinful act
        • Wanted better relationship with the Papacy
          • Return of Cardinal Pole Nov 1554
      • Sure that Protestantism lacked roots needed to survive
        • Emphasis placed on training new priests and more supervision of parish priests
        • 300 Protestants burnt at the stake
          • Cranmer 21st March 1556
          • Foxe's Book of Martyrs - Protestant propaganda
        • Opposition strongest in South East
    • Edward VI
      • Somerset
        • 1547-1549
        • Reform faction in control of government
          • Full-scale inquiry launched into CofE - stalling for time
            • Parliament met Nov 1547 - Treason Act repealed Six Articles & heresy laws that restricted debate
            • Chantries Act - abolished Chantries to raise money for Scottish war
        • Protestants in exile began to return
          • Relaxation of press censorship - writings of Luther and Calvin
        • 1549 Act of Uniformity
          • Cranmer introduced new Book of Prayer - very vague
            • Dismantled obstacles to change erected by conservatives in 1530s
      • Northumberland
        • Very Protestant
        • Reformers continued to come to England - some very extreme
        • By 1553 CofE definitely Protestant
          • However, government and structure of church remained the same
  • 1552 Prayer Book - removed Catholicism
    • 1553 instructions sent to Bishops - altars replaced by communion tables
      • No vestements
      • Attack on church wealth only just begun when Ed died
    • Treason Act - offence to question Royal Supremacy
      • Jan 1552 - Parliament assembled
        • Northumberland
          • Very Protestant
          • Reformers continued to come to England - some very extreme
          • By 1553 CofE definitely Protestant
            • However, government and structure of church remained the same
        • The Second Act of Uniformity - must attend services on pain of prison/fine
    • 42 Articles 1553 listed doctrines
  • arrival of Catholic Priests - mid-1570s - 1st 4 1574
    • more than 100 by 1590s
    • Douai seminary founded Netherlands William Allen
    • 1580s - jesuits
    • several priests executed for denying royal supremacy
      • Campion executed 1581
      • Act of Parliament 1581 - agreed to 'retain ... subjects in their due obedience'
  • 1603 10% had catholic tendencies - 2% active recusants

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