AQA Politics Chapter 1 Key terms

All the key terms which relate to the first chapter in the AQA Government and Politics AS textbook

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Chapter 1 Key terms
Politics ­ the concern with developing knowledge and understanding of government and
society. In particular, it is about the struggle for power and influence between competing
individuals and groups
Democracy ­ people power, as in Abraham Lincoln's phrase `government of the people, by
the people and for the people'
Equality ­ the belief that people should be treated equally and given equal opportunities, as
long as there are no grounds for treating them differently
Authoritarian regimes ­ in non-democratic countries where there is a very strong direction
and control. There may be elections but the range of candidates would be limited or the
campaigning is made very difficult for those who take an alternate view to those in power
Legitimate ­ Where the system of government is one in which the authority of the
government is widely accepted by those who are subject to it. We speak of the authority of
an official, but the legitimacy of a regime.
Participation ­ the engagement of the population in forms of political action such as
Direct democracy ­ a form of democracy in which the citizens themselves assemble to
debate and decide issues of public importance
Representative democracy ­ (or indirect) where the people elect a representative who will
make decisions on their behalf
Elitism ­ the recognition that society should be governed by and elite or small group
Pluralism ­ `rule by many' relates to a society in which there are many diverse and
competing centres of power, which seek to exert influence over government
Pressure groups ­ compromise organisations that do not stand for elections themselves, but
rather seek to influence those who do gain political office and are therefore in a position to
shape public policy
Electorate ­ the voters
Franchise ­ The right to vote for representatives in a legislative (also known as Suffrage)
Abstainers ­ those who do not vote. This may be due to involuntary reasons such as sickness.
Or a deliberate choice not to vote perhaps due to their area being a safe seat
Devolved assemblies ­ the national parliament in Scotland, the National Assembly in Wales
and the Assembly in Northern Ireland.
Apathy ­ the lack of interest or enthusiasm, in this case for playing a part in the political
system. Others might see it as representing broad satisfaction with things as they are, so
that there is no need to exert oneself to register one's viewpoint or take an active role
Alienation ­ means a feeling of separateness, of being alone and apart from others. In this
sense, it refers to the feeling of being estranged from the rest of the community, society or
the world
Capitalism ­ relates to `free enterprise' economic systems in which the means of production
are mostly private owned and operated for profit, as in much of the western world
Communism ­ an ideology that seeks to establish a classless society based on common
ownership of the means of production. It represents a strand of the broader socialist
movement, sometimes being regarded as a revolutionary form of socialism

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The Cold War ­ the state of constant rivalry, suspicion and sometimes extreme tension in
the post 1945 era between communist eastern Europe and the Western nations (led by the
Post-materialist age ­ is an era in which people are less concerned about their material
needs (such as the basic requirement of food, clothing and shelter) which are all available to
the majority and are more concerned with quality of life issues
Ecology ­ The study of relationships between living organisms and their environment…read more



hey thats cool 



Really helpful, thank you so much!!!!! please do the other chapters.

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