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JAWWAD MUSTAFA ­ GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS ­ AQA UNIT 1


Pressure Groups and Protest Movements
1. What are pressure groups? An organisation which seeks to influence
decision-makers in relation to a particular issue or policy.

2. How are they different from political parties? While both political parties
and pressure groups…

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JAWWAD MUSTAFA ­ GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS ­ AQA UNIT 1


and usually want change. They are different to pressure groups as they aren't
as organised, with no particular leadership or committee. They tend to prefer
protests and often do sit-ins. There is usually a broad movement and then
pressure groups…

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JAWWAD MUSTAFA ­ GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS ­ AQA UNIT 1


be in contact with senior civil servants and have input in the policies
that are being made. Connections can be enhanced by public
school/university friendships or trade union relationships.
Public pressure: the public could be brought onto the side of…

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JAWWAD MUSTAFA ­ GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS ­ AQA UNIT 1



8. What factors make success more likely for any group?
Easier to remember with `MORR SALES'
Factor Explanation
Media Coverage Media coverage on a pressure group is important as it raises
awareness on the issue and the group in general.…

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JAWWAD MUSTAFA ­ GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS ­ AQA UNIT 1


Negative comments made by an MP can also undermine a
pressure group and how successful they can be. For
example, David Cameron called the EDL `terrible people',
which diminishes any hope of them being able to influence
the government.
Aims…

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JAWWAD MUSTAFA ­ GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS ­ AQA UNIT 1


they resorted to extreme direct action like jumping onto Buckingham Palace
and planning to kidnap the Prime Minister's son, the public perception of the
group had become negative making the group unable to discuss the issue
properly.

11. What is…

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JAWWAD MUSTAFA ­ GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS ­ AQA UNIT 1


Democratic ­ the ability to start Majority rules ­ it only gives a voice
petitions and protest against to issues with the biggest support.
governmental decisions gives The Parliamentary e-petitions only
people the chance to have their consider petitions that…

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JAWWAD MUSTAFA ­ GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS ­ AQA UNIT 1


for a variety of organisations or lobbying
groups. However, this was disciplined
after the cash for questions scandal.

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