AQA GCSE Geography A Ice on Land Case Studies

All 3 case studies needed for this topic, described in a concise, bullet-pointed fact file.

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The White-chuck Glacier retreated slowly
from its advanced Little Ice Age position
until 1930, while rapidly thinning. Thus,
prepared it began a rapid retreat in 1930.
This rapid retreat culminated in the total
disappearance of the north branch of the
glacier in 2001.
Facts and figures:
The glacier has lost over 2 km2 of land
in the last 60 years.
From 1984-2002 the snow/ice level
rose approximately 1000 feet.
For thousands of years the glacier has
contributed around 800 gallons of fresh
water to the nearby White-chuck River
during the summer. Now it has
decreased 60%.
Rising global temperatures due
To global warming.
More cloudless weather.

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Facts and figures:
Located in north-western Alps, 15 km away from the border to Italy and Switzerland.
The valley is dominated by Mont Blanc, 4808m high, the tallest mountain in Europe.
Resident pop of 10,000 is boosted to 100,000 a day in summer and 60,000 in winter.
It has been a top tourism location for nearly 250 years.…read more

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Winter Attractions Summer Attractions
1) Skiing/Snowboarding: Beautiful scenery Mer de Glace: An incredible sight-seeing spot
and lush slopes, cable cars and cog railways for tourists to view the glacier and the valley it
provide easy access. has carved through.
2) Cross Country Skiing: As its becoming more Ice cave: A journey inside the active valley.
popular, scenic routes are being
established and half-ways houses.…read more

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Tomorrow's Valley: brings together people from local communities and plans for sustainable
management (long-lasting, environmentally friendly developments):
o Burying networks underground (for safety and sight).
o Renovating and preserving historical buildings.
o Preserving the environment, e.g. maintaining footpaths and cleaning rivers.
o Minimising tourist impact on the landscape, by re-planting damaged trees for example.
o Supporting local traditions and giving locals priority to employment.
Abondance (next to Chamonix), French Alps, Haute-Savoie region, is dependent on tourism and relies
on good snowfall to survive.…read more

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Overuse of slopes can damage natural vegetation that takes years to recover, and mountain
biking can create gullies, which can be enlarged by rain to form scars on the landscape.
Increasing levels of pollution (air, noise, visual) can lead to a loss and appeal and attractiveness to
the area which reduces tourism and lowers income.…read more


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