AQA AS Unit 2O Mao's Communist Reforms

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H/Wk 09-11-2012
Reforming China
Reform Improvements Limits Extent
Land Land was confiscated and redistributed to the poorer Rich peasants land was confiscated Unsuccessful ­ Many people lost their land
peasants and landless labourers Landlords, who often weren't that bad were often subject to and were subject to violence and abuse but
Better off peasants were allowed to keep their land humiliation and abuse at the hands of the peasants and at the also the land the peasants gained was
Peasant families were free to cultivate their new land insistence of party cadres miniscule and insufficient to provide an
in a traditional way The CPC deliberately created class conflict in order to cement income therefore they were forced to
their relationship with the majority of the population. collectivise.
Many Landlords and their entire families, some who were only
slightly connected were sentenced to death.
CPC encouraged Mutual aid programmes to be set up by the
peasants, thereby collectivising their land
Social (Women) Women were represented in government Only a quarter of the government was made up of women Partially successful ­ the new laws and acts
Ban of concubinage Mao was hypocritical about the concubines, although he brought about successes, especially in the
Easier divorces outlawed its practice he kept a dance troupe, concubines who cities but in rural areas progress was slow
The right to vote met all of Mao's sexual needs but the CPC did make a good start.
Greater educational opportunities It was a dictatorship anyway, no one had the right to vote
Ban on arranged marriages Although arranged marriages were outlawed there were still
Women have to share in heavy manual labour forced marriages going on in rural areas and the CPC struggled
to stamp out these traditional practices.
Heavy manual labour just added to a women's work burden of
housewife and mother.
Healthcare The communist placed the emphasis in healthcare on a Such facilities were expensive and healthcare only took a 1.3%
preventative rather than a curative approach. of the budget.
Many campaigns were launched to educate people It took some time before many improvements were seen in
about sanitation and hygiene rural areas.
E.g. patriotic health campaign, to reduce epidemics of
cholera, typhoid and scarlet fever.
The campaigns created improvements in the death
Workers employed in state enterprises had urban
hospitals reserved for them.
Education Emphasis in the early years of communist rule was Progress was slow, by 1956 only half of children aged 7-16 were Partially successful = although an effort was
placed on the development of primary education. in full time education made to get more younger children into
Key schools, were set up where the best teachers System was starting in a very low base, rural areas. school and get more trained skilled
were directed to the best students Education was not a priority on the Chinese budget; in 1952 individuals into the workforce, it was not a
Universities and colleges were remodelled to only 6.4% was spent on education. government priority of on 6.4%, whereas
concentrate on more scientific and technical subject, Key schools were kept for top party officials children. defence was.
reflecting the country's need for trained specialist.

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