AS AQA Impact of Chairman Mao - Controlling the Economy

Notes I've made from the AQA History Book on The Impact of Chairman Mao: China 1946-76

This section is on controlling the economy and includes: The collectivisation of agriculture, Industry and the First Five Year Plan and The Hundred Flowers Campaign.

Hope this helps :)

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S3.5,Controlling The Economy
(Collectivisation, 1stFive Year Plan & 100 Flowers
Campaign)

Collectivisation of agriculture [1953-57]

Mao and the peasants :
Mao's long term aim = Transform China into Socialist ­ society
He wanted to group together small, privately owned farms into much larger, collective farms.
He knew peasants showed a…

Page 2

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S3.5,Controlling The Economy
(Collectivisation, 1stFive Year Plan & 100 Flowers
Campaign)


China had seen considerable industrial development before communist took control in 1949.
In late 19th century foreign capitalist exploited China's coal and mineral reserves. Cities like
Beijing and Shanghai had become important industrial centres.
Under GMD control in 1920s…

Page 3

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S3.5,Controlling The Economy
(Collectivisation, 1stFive Year Plan & 100 Flowers
Campaign)

Coal (mils of metric tonnes) 68.50 113.00 130.00 +
Steel (mils of metric tonnes) 1.35 4.12 5.35 +
Cement (mils of metric tonnes) 2.86 6.00 6.86 +
Electrical Power (bils of KWh) 7.26 15.90 19.34 +
Locomotives (units) 20…

Page 4

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S3.5,Controlling The Economy
(Collectivisation, 1stFive Year Plan & 100 Flowers
Campaign)

First 5-year plan targets were achieved a year early. To achieve further economic progress
Mao needed the educated specialists, who could speed up the process of economic change.
Mao believed there was growing danger from `bureaucratism'.
Opposition to Mao…

Page 5

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S3.5,Controlling The Economy
(Collectivisation, 1stFive Year Plan & 100 Flowers
Campaign)

`IT was a muddled and inconclusive movement that grew out of conflicts within the
Communist Party leadership. At its centre was an argument about the pace and type of
development that was best for China.'
Genuine Call for Expression?…

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