AS AQA Impact of Chairman Mao - Consolidation of Power 1949-53

Notes I've made from the AQA History book on The Impact of Chairman Mao: China, 1946-76

This section is on Mao's Consolidation of Power, 1949-53

Hope this helps :)

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Mao and the Party
1 October 1949, Mao announced the beginning of the People's Republic of China

The Ideology and Leadership of Mao Zedong
Mao and Marxism
1949 -> Mao established leader of Communist Party
Early leaders were revolutionaries trained in Soviet Union, '28 Bolsheviks'. So…

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Mao argued mass mobilisation into mass campaigns would achieve specific objectives, believing once
China's millions were mobilised, they could achieve anything, building dams, cultivation areas.

Mao believed -> experts weren't needed for economic advance
People didn't need extra money to be persuade to work hard once…

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Provided gov' officials and factory managers.
So Mao build new regime to adapt to ensure possible middle class support
[by shareholders given compensation and prepared to tolerate other political parties.]
[But only tolerate as long as they didn't threaten CPC control]
Continuing with his `general line'…

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1950 ->demobilisation of the PLA. 1953, reduced to 3.5 million.
[PLA still received 800,000 conscripts pa]
PLA was the largest army in the world and meant young men had trained for 3 years in military and
ideology of the Communist Party.
PLA were held as…

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The Resist America and Aid Korea Campaign
After Korean War, 1950, foreigners were declared enemies of PRC.
Westerns there were persecuted, other foreigners [missionaries] arrested. Christian Churches
End 1950, most foreigners left [apart from soviets] Also used to accuse targets of spying for

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The Suppression of Counter-Revolutionaries Campaign
Launched in October 1950, lasted a year. Focused on internal threats on the Chinese revolution.
`Counter-revolutionaries' [anyone associated with GMD] were denounced and punished, large amount.
In Shanghai, 40,000 had evidence against them, Guangdong, 52,620 `bandits', similar for other
regions. 28,332…

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Mao and the Purges of the CPC:
The Purge of Gao Gang and Rao Shushi, 1953

Late 1953, Mao began to purge on leading party members.
This came about during the Five-Year Plan, the planning led leading Communist figures debated the
pace of economic changes that…

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30/40 CPC cadres and peasants spread revolution to remote area. Local peasants encouraged to
identity and humiliate their landlords, creating class conflict [peasant vs landlords] what Mao wanted.
Many landlord and their relatives were sentenced to DEATH!
Peasants who killed with their bare hands the…

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Represented in Government
Ban on concubinage
Easier divorces
Right to vote
DING LING [feminist writer] -> Mao and CCP were hypocrites, exploited
women who worked for them.

Improvements in Education:
Mao wanted to spread education. 1949, most Chinese people were illiterate.
Middle 1950s, Primary education was…

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Emphasis in health care on prevention rather than cure, as there was a lack in hospitals.
Mass Campaigns used -> `Patriotic Health Campaign' to improve sanitation and hygiene and
so prevent endemic diseases such as cholera and typhoid.

Improved death rates
Emphasis on drinking water too,…


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