AQA AS Unit 2O Mao's Consolidation of Power

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Mao and the Party ­ Notes
Mass Party Membership
CPC membership 4,448,000 October 1949
CPC membership 5,821,604 December 1950
In a country of 500 million, Party membership was kept for the minority
Following Leninist concept, membership of the CPC was restricted to those who could
demonstrate their commitment and ideological correctness.
Within the party there is even a more select group of Party Cadres
Party Cadres permeated all levels of government and administration, the legal system, schools
and colleges and the PLA.
Through the Party Cadres, the CPC could check that the government system and the military
were performing in strict line with party policies.
The CPC established control in all parts of national life
At the base of the government pyramid, every employed Chinese citizen belonged to a Danwei
(Work Unit)
Those who didn't work came under close surveillance of a residents committee.
The work units, led by the CPC controlled the allocation of housing, grand, cooking oil and
The work unit also issued permits to travel, marry, enter the army or university and
change employment.
Party Cadres enjoyed a privileged lifestyle, different to the ordinary Chinese citizen
Under a system, "iron rice bowl", party and government officials, employees of state run
enterprises and military personnel were guaranteed employment and an income for life.
Role of the PLA
5 million men under its command, efforts to build a navy and air force, Spending on the
PLA accounted for 41% of the state budget
China's leaders realised, that for economic development, military spending would need to be
cut, including releasing men from military service so they can go into production.
1950, the partial demobilisation of the PLA began; by 1953 numbers had been cut to 3.5
million men.
After the cuts, the PLA received 800,000 conscripts every year who served for three
The PLA occupied a special place in the mythology of the communist revolution for their
struggles against Japan, the GMD and in the Long March.
Discipline, self-sacrifice, endurance, and perseverance were the virtues that Mao wished
to install in the Chinese population.
Their role in the countryside was to spread communist ideology among the peasants
Mass campaigns against corruption and the bourgeoisie
Repression and terror were key weapons the CPC used to control the Chinese population.
At first Mao pursued a cautious policy in order to maintain a broad coalition of support.
After the outbreak of Korea, which endangered a sense of national unity and a feeling of
china's revolution was in danger from both external and internal forces.
This enabled Mao and the CPC to justify more extreme measures used against counter
revolutionaries and allowed Mao to establish his dictatorship.
Propaganda campaigns to isolate and shame chosen targets
The police
Courts (Communist party Committees)
Lao ­ gai = Forced labour camps (reform through labour)
Much of this was copied from Stalin in the USSR
Repression and terror in china involved the whole population, extermination campaigns were
set up to identify and punish counter revolutionaries but to maintain nationwide

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Summer 1951, all Chinese citizens over 15 had to acquire official residence permits from
the police and obtain permission if they want to move to another area.
People were encouraged to inform on each other
By 1953, prostitution was stamped out, prostitutes and their pimps were sent to
education centres as punishment
Drug dealing and addition was clamped down on
Tobacco production placed under a government monopoly ­ population encouraged to
Much of the crime that plagued china pre 1949 had been stamped out.…read more

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