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Cognitive Memory: Key Words Short-term memory:
a temporary store where small amounts of information can be kept for brief periods. It is a fragile
store and information can be easily lost. Long-term memory: A permanent store where limitless
amounts of information can be stored for long periods of times. Capacity:…

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HM (Scoville and Milner, 1957) ­ did a case study on a man who had severe epilepsy. He had
both his hippocampi removed and then he could not form new long-term memories. They found
that the hippocampus might be the gateway to the LTM. KF (Shallice and Warrington, 1970) ­…

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(1975), Baddeley (1966), Peterson and Peterson (1969) and the case studies of HM and Clive
Wearing (both of which indicate separate stores for different memories as opposed to one
general store for both STM and LTM). Brain scanning techniques have shown different areas
of the brain are activated in STM…

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D/E/C Overview:
Duration: STM: Peterson and Peterson (1959) AIM: of the experiment was to test how long STM
lasts when rehearsal is prevented.
PROCEDURE: The participants were briefly shown a consonant trigram (i.e. 3 letters such as
CPW or NGV). Participants were asked to count backwards in threes from a…

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the photos without any name cues were not quite as successful. They were 60% accurate after
7 years, but the level of accuracy had dropped to less than 20% after 47 years.

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CONCLUSION: Bahrick concluded that people can remember certain types of information for
almost a lifetime. The accuracy of VLTM is better when measured by recognition tests than by
recall tests.
A02 Unlike many memory experiments, this study used meaningful stimulus material
(high-school yearbooks) and
tested people for memories from their…

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Pages in this set

Page 1

Preview of page 1

Page 2

Preview of page 2
Cognitive Memory: Key Words Short-term memory:
a temporary store where small amounts of information can be kept for brief periods. It is a fragile
store and information can be easily lost. Long-term memory: A permanent store where limitless
amounts of information can be stored for long periods of times. Capacity:…

Page 3

Preview of page 3

Page 4

Preview of page 4
HM (Scoville and Milner, 1957) ­ did a case study on a man who had severe epilepsy. He had
both his hippocampi removed and then he could not form new long-term memories. They found
that the hippocampus might be the gateway to the LTM. KF (Shallice and Warrington, 1970) ­…

Page 5

Preview of page 5
(1975), Baddeley (1966), Peterson and Peterson (1969) and the case studies of HM and Clive
Wearing (both of which indicate separate stores for different memories as opposed to one
general store for both STM and LTM). Brain scanning techniques have shown different areas
of the brain are activated in STM…

Page 6

Preview of page 6

Page 7

Preview of page 7
D/E/C Overview:
Duration: STM: Peterson and Peterson (1959) AIM: of the experiment was to test how long STM
lasts when rehearsal is prevented.
PROCEDURE: The participants were briefly shown a consonant trigram (i.e. 3 letters such as
CPW or NGV). Participants were asked to count backwards in threes from a…

Page 8

Preview of page 8
the photos without any name cues were not quite as successful. They were 60% accurate after
7 years, but the level of accuracy had dropped to less than 20% after 47 years.

Page 9

Preview of page 9

Page 10

Preview of page 10
CONCLUSION: Bahrick concluded that people can remember certain types of information for
almost a lifetime. The accuracy of VLTM is better when measured by recognition tests than by
recall tests.
A02 Unlike many memory experiments, this study used meaningful stimulus material
(high-school yearbooks) and
tested people for memories from their…

Comments

No comments have yet been made